Background: Metastatic undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) and the genetically related myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) are soft tissue sarcoma (STS) subtypes with poor prognoses. While responses to front line chemotherapy can approach 20%, in the 2nd line setting and beyond, efficacy remains limited. Pazopanib, the only approved treatment in the refractory setting has demonstrated an objective response rate (ORR) of 4%. Envafolimab is a single domain PD-L1 antibody administered rapidly by subcutaneous (SQ) injection that is being studied in two additional pivotal trials: MSI-H cancer and biliary tract cancer. The activity of envafolimab is similar to other PD-1 antibodies administered intra-venously. Envafolimab demonstrated a 32% ORR in MSI-H colorectal cancer that failed three approved chemotherapeutics, similar to the ORR of 28% and 33%, with nivolumab and pembrolizumab, respectively. The rationale for the ENVASARC trial is based on the previously reported efficacy of checkpoint inhibition in UPS/MFS. Single agent pembrolizumab demonstrated a 23% ORR, while the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab demonstrated a 29% ORR in refractory UPS/MFS. Methods: ENVASARC (NCT 04480502) is a pivotal multicenter (at ~25 U.S. centers) open-label, randomized, non-comparative, parallel cohort study of treatment with envafolimab 300 mg every 3 weeks by SQ injection (cohort A; n=80) or envafolimab 300 mg every 3 weeks by SQ injection combined with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg every 3 weeks intra-venously for four doses (cohort B; n=80) in patients with locally advanced, unresectable or metastatic UPS/MFS who have progressed on one or two lines of prior therapy. The primary objective of each of parallel cohort is to demonstrate an ORR with a lower limit of the 95% confidence interval that excludes 5.0% in each cohort. If ≥ 9 responders are observed of the 80 patients enrolled in each cohort, then the lower bound of the 95% confidence interval will exclude 5.0%. Secondary endpoints include duration of response (DOR), PFS and OS. Key inclusion criteria: ≤ 2 prior lines of therapy (neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy excluded), ECOG ≤ 1.
Citation Format: Sandra D'Angelo, Steven Robinson, Joelle Lam, Bonne Adams, James Freddo, Charles P. Theuer, Robert Maki. ENVASARC: A Pivotal Trial of Envafolimab, and Envafolimab in Combination with Ipilimumab, in Patients with Advanced or Metastatic Undifferentiated Pleomorphic Sarcoma or Myxofibrosarcoma who have Progressed on Prior Chemotherapy [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2021; 2021 Apr 10-15 and May 17-21. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2021;81(13_Suppl):Abstract nr CT239.