Primary treatment for estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer is endocrine therapy. Selective estrogen receptor degraders (SERDs), such as fulvestrant, induce effective ER signaling inhibition, although clinical studies with fulvestrant report insufficient blockade of ER signaling, possibly due to suboptimal pharmaceutical properties. Here we describe the discovery of SAR439859 (Amcenestrant), a novel, orally bioavailable SERD with potent antagonist and degradation activities against both wild-type and mutant Y537S ER. Driven by its fluoropropyl pyrrolidinyl side chain, SAR439859 has demonstrated broader and superior ER antagonist and degrader activities across a large panel of ER+ cells, compared with other SERDs including improved inhibition of ER signaling and tumor cell growth. Similarly, in vivo treatment with SAR439859 demonstrated significant tumor regression in ER+ breast cancer models including MCF7-ESR1 mutant-Y537S mouse tumors and HCI013, a patient-derived tamoxifen-resistant xenograft tumor. Importantly, in these mutant ESR1 models, we demonstrate that the efficacy of SAR439859 was increased when coadministered with palbociclib, an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6. In the clinical setting, SAR439859 also demonstrated a high level of target engagement, ER degradation and inhibition of ER signaling as well as encouraging anti-tumor activity in heavily pretreated patients with advanced or metastatic ER-positive breast cancer. These findings indicate that SAR439859 would provide therapeutic benefit to patients with ER+ breast cancer, including those who are resistant to endocrine therapy with both wild-type and mutant ER.
Citation Format: Maysoun Shomali, Fangxian Sun, Laurent Besret, Anne Caron, Joon Sang Lee, Youssef El-Ahmed, Laurent Schio, Jack Pollard, Vasiliki Pelekanou, Patrick Cohen, Marina Celanovic, Christina Herold, Chris Soria, Laurent Debussche, Monsif Bouaboula. Preclinical and clinical activity of SAR439859, Amcenestrant, a next generation SERD [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2021; 2021 Apr 10-15 and May 17-21. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2021;81(13_Suppl):Abstract nr 739.