TNBC, or triple-negative breast cancer, is an aggressive type of breast cancer that is associated with a worse prognosis, higher rates of metastases, and a poorer outcome. Historically, TNBC has been proven challenging to treat, due to disease heterogeneity and the fact that the breast cancer tests negative for estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) protein, and thus does not respond to traditional therapies. As such, treatment options for TNBC patients are extremely limited and there is a tremendous need to identify molecular targets and biomarkers that can offer novel targeted approaches. Additionally, due to disease heterogeneity in TNBC, it is important to subclassify TNBC based on prognostic markers and create tailored targeted therapies. ERRα, an orphan nuclear receptor, is an example of a prognostic marker that is correlated with a more aggressive disease progression and a worse outcome. However, ERRα is also a predictive marker for patient response to tamoxifen treatment of ER-negative and TNBC patients, indicating that there may be an alternative use for the selective estrogen modulator (SERM) tamoxifen in the context of TNBC. This led us to investigate whether there is a common pathway that is regulated by both ERRα and tamoxifen that would explain tamoxifen response in the context of TNBC cells. We performed a phosphoproteomic analysis of MDA-MB-231 cells, treated with either tamoxifen or XCT-790, an inverse agonist of ERRα, to identify common downstream targets of both ERRα and tamoxifen. Our findings indicate that the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK signaling pathway is a common target of both XCT-790 and tamoxifen. This provides a novel treatment strategy that should be investigated for the treatment of TNBC patients, opens the door for investigation of novel targeted therapies, and highlights the need for the use of prognostic markers to identify sub-populations that benefit from individualized treatment strategies.
Citation Format: David Musheyev, Adi Ronen, Miriam T. Lattin, Anya Alayev. Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK signaling pathway: a novel target of ERRα and tamoxifen in TNBC cells [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2021; 2021 Apr 10-15 and May 17-21. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2021;81(13_Suppl):Abstract nr 1976.