Introduction: Amplification of chromosome 9p24.1 encoding PDL1, PDL2, and JAK2 (the PDJ amplicon) has been detected in 5-25% of triplenegative breast cancers (TNBC), and is associated with poor outcome and activation of the JAK/STAT pathway. Here, we have developed a robust multiplexed fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) assay for detection of 9p24.1 amplification, and assessed the frequency and cellular distribution of the PDJ amplicon in a cohort of African American (AA) women with TNBC. Methods: The FISH assay combines three chromosome 9 probes to simultaneously target JAK2 and PD-L1 (9p24.1, PDJ), chromosome 9q22, and the 9q34.1 regions. This enables discrimination of PDJ amplicons from whole chromosome 9p arm gains and from chromosome 9 ploidies that occur in the background of genomic instability in aneuploid cancer genomes. Fifty cells were scored for each probe and the average copy number was obtained. We defined PDJ amplification as PDJ>4, PDJ/9q22 ratio≥2, and/or PDJ/9q34.1 ratio≥2. The assay was benchmarked to array CGH of flow sorted TNBC tissue from Mayo Clinic Arizona (n=14). Tissue microarrays from TNBC PDX tumors (n=20) and from African American women with TNBC (n=87) were assessed. Results: Using selected TNBC tissue with known CGH data, the FISH assay tightly correlated with PDJ copy number in 13/14 cases. The discordant case was negative by CGH on a biopsy with low tumor content, but FISH positive on tissue section (PDJ >7.5 and a PDJ/9q22 ratio=4). Of 20 TNBC PDX tumors, 5 were amplified by FISH. Twelve of 87 (14%) of tumors had PDJ amplification by FISH, of which ten were from breast tissue and two were from lymph node. Of these 12, PDJ>4 (n=0), PDJ/9q22 ratio≥2 (n=6), and PDJ/9q34.1 ratio≥2 (n=10). Significant intratumoral variation was observed with the presence of single cells with >10 PDJ copies in 8/17 (47%) amplified and 0/90 non-amplified total cases. Conclusion: 9p24.1 (PDJ) amplification encoding JAK2, PD-L1, and PD-L2 is detected by three-color FISH in 14% of TNBC from African American women. Individual cells with ≥10 copies of PDJ was seen exclusively in 8/17 amplified cases. We identified 5 PDX tumors which may provide valuable preclinical models for the amplicon. The association of this biomarker with clinical outcome will be presented.
Citation Format: Karen S. Anderson, Tammey Naab, Lori K Koslosky, Megan Anderson, Michael Lewis, Yasmine Kanaan, Ali Afsari, Luisel Ricks-Santi, Barbara A. Pockaj, Michael T Barrett. Tissue prevalence and cellular heterogeneity of 9p24.1 amplification in TNBC in African American women [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2019 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium; 2019 Dec 10-14; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2020;80(4 Suppl):Abstract nr P2-10-17.