Engineered toxin bodies (ETBs) comprised of a proprietarily engineered Shiga-like Toxin A subunit (SLTA) genetically fused to antibody-like binding domains work through novel mechanisms of action and can force internalization, self-route through intracellular compartments to the cytosol, and induce potent cell-kill via the enzymatic and permanent inactivation of ribosomes. Our PD-L1 targeted ETB, MT-6402, includes antigen seeding technology (AST), and additionally delivers a viral antigen for presentation in complex with MHC-I to resident viral-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs). The fusion protein provides a powerful, dual mechanism of action to specifically target and destroy PD-L1 positive tumor and inhibitory immune cells. In vitro testing of human tumor cell lines has demonstrated that cell surface PD-L1 expression is required for activity of the PD-L1 targeted ETBs. MT-6402 demonstrated effective depletion of PD-L1 expressing cells across a panel of immortalized cancer cell lines from multiple origins, including lung, skin, breast, and ovary. In a co-culture assay of PD-L1 target cells and antigen specific T-cells, PD-L1 targeted MT-6402 delivers a viral antigen to the target cells and can activate cytokine secretion and T-cell mediated killing. Additionally, MT-6402 treatment of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) leads to selective depletion of PD-L1 positive cells (IFN-γ stimulated monocytes) in the absence of depletion of PD-L1 low/negative lymphocytes. Murine models, including patient derived xenografts, have demonstrated that the PD-L1 targeted ETBs are efficacious in vivo. Additional in vivo tumor models to further describe the effect of MT-6402 are being explored. Exploratory studies in a primate model have shown that MT-6402 can be tolerated at levels shown to induce T cell activation (type 1 cytokines). MT-6402 delivers a powerful and unique dual mechanism of action. The combination of a PD-L1 specific direct cell kill and redirection of a robust effector T cell response to the tumor has potential benefit in solid tumor indications, including in the relapsed setting, when disease has progressed after checkpoint and/or other therapies.
Citation Format: Hilario J. Ramos, Brigitte Brieschke, Sara LeMar, Joseph D. Dekker, Aimee Iberg, Garrett L. Robinson, Asis Sarkar, Banmeet Anand, Melissa M. Singh, Jay Zhao, Jack P. Higgins, Erin K. Willert. In vivo efficacy of a PD-L1 targeted, antigen seeding engineered toxin body [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research 2020; 2020 Apr 27-28 and Jun 22-24. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2020;80(16 Suppl):Abstract nr 3366.