SWI/SNF-related, matrix-associated, actin-dependent regulator of chromatin subfamily A member 2 (SMARCA2) is an ATP-dependent DNA helicase and a catalytic component of the SWI/SNF complex. SWI/SNF-mediated nucleosome remodeling is a critical regulator of chromatin accessibility resulting in transcriptional regulation of gene sets that determine and maintain cell state. The role of SMARCA2 as the catalytic driver of SWI/SNF activity is mutually exclusive with that of its close paralog, SMARCA4. Loss of functional SMARCA4, as is reported in a subset of NSCLC and other cancer types generally confers a dependency on SMARCA2. Cancers lacking functional SMARCA4 have been shown to be sensitive to loss of SMARCA2 function either through genetic ablation or the use of a small molecule SMARCA2/4 inhibitor. We describe the identification and characterization of a small molecule SMARCA2/4 inhibitor Compound 1 and its selective activity in the SMARCA4-mutant setting both in in vitro and in vivo model systems. The compound demonstrates inhibition of SMARCA2 and SMARCA4 enzymatic activity in biochemical assays and broad selectivity against other helicases. Selective sensitivity in anti-proliferative assays of 15-fold was observed in NSCLC cell lines with SMARCA4 protein loss compared to those harboring WT SMARCA4 protein. Oral dosing demonstrates dose-dependent in vivo SMARCA2 inhibition and anti-tumor activity in SMARCA4-mutant NSCLC xenograft models. This compound is suitable for further exploration of the role of SMARCA2/4 and SWI/SNF in vitro and in vivo in cancer and other indications.
Citation Format: Allison E. Drew, Suzanne L. Jacques, Lindsey W. Eichinger, Chloe Pantano, Vinny Motwani, Cuyue Tang, Cuyue Tang, Neil Farrow, Dorothy Brach, Selene Howe, Alejandra Raimondi, Daniel T. Dransfield, Kenneth W. Duncan, Kim Stickland, Liyue Huang, John Lampe. Identification of a potent, orally-available SMARCA2/4 inhibitor with in vitro and in vivo activity in preclinical models of SMARCA4-mutant NSCLC [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research 2020; 2020 Apr 27-28 and Jun 22-24. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2020;80(16 Suppl):Abstract nr 1768.