Background: Neratinib (N) is a potent irreversible inhibitor of HER1, HER2, and HER4 and has been shown to have antitumor activity in patients (pts) with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) - positive breast cancer. A previous study of combination of neratinib with capecitabine (X) was associated with > G 3 diarrhea in > 20% of patients. Currently, the NALA study is evaluating this combination of N with X at standard schedule against control. X at 7 day on and 7 day off schedule (7/7) has been shown to be well-tolerated with less ≥G3 toxicities. We are conducting a phase Ib/II study of N with X (7/7) in pts with pretreated HER2+ MBC (NCT03377387). Methods: Eligible pts had HER2+ MBC, normal left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF ≥ 50%); pts can have any and up to 4 prior chemotherapy-based treatments in phase Ib and II portions, respectively. Primary endpoints are to define maximum tolerated dose and efficacy in phase I and phase II portions, respectively. Secondary endpoints include safety and tolerability; exploratory endpoint is to quantify cell-free DNA to correlate with response for phase II portion. There were 4 cohorts for phase Ib with dose level 1 with starting dose of X at 1500 mg BID at 7/7 schedule with N at 240 mg daily. Results: As of July 1, 2018 8 pts have been enrolled in 2 cohorts. The median age is 63y (range: 57-79), and median ECOG is 0 (range: 0-1). 4 patients were treated at dose level 1 and 2 of 4 patients experienced dose-limiting toxicity with G3 diarrhea during cycle 1. Other significant toxicities included G3 hand foot syndrome (n=1), G3 fatigue (n=1) and G3 nausea (n=1). Three pts have now been treated at dose level -1 (X at 1000 mg twice daily 7/7 and N at 240 mg daily) and no ≥ G3 toxicities has been noted. Once MTD is reached, the phase II portion will occur to assess the efficacy and to further establish the safety and tolerability of capecitabine and neratinib at the MTD. Conclusions: The phase Ib/II study combining neratinib and capecitabine 7/7 is ongoing and updated result will be presented.
Citation Format: Wang R, Singh J, Sterlin V, Goldstein M, Lake D, Wong S, Baselga J, Norton L, Dang C. Phase Ib/II study of capecitabine 7/7 schedule with neratinib in patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium; 2018 Dec 4-8; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2019;79(4 Suppl):Abstract nr P6-18-30.