Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease with a wide range of outcomes that are not fully predicted by routine clinical and pathologic features. The risk of recurrence of hormone receptor positive early-stage breast cancer, the most frequent tumor subtype, increases continuously over time. Genomic-based signatures have been developed to categorize patients according to their risk of recurrence and guide therapeutic decisions in this tumor subtype. However, the main genomic-based assays used in clinical practice classify up to 40% of the patients in an intermediate risk group. Many interrogations remain about the optimal strategy in this group. The aim of this study was to refine the molecular characterization of the intermediate risk group and determine the proportion of shared features with the low or high-risk groups using a mass spectrometry based proteomic approach.
Tumors with available routine PAM50 assay (PROSIGNA) results were selected from a cohort of breast cancer patients treated at Oscar Lambret Cancer Center (France). Fifteen tumors evenly split between PAM50 low, intermediate and high-risk groups were analyzed to determine the proteomic profiles of both cancer cells and stroma using MALDI mass spectrometry imaging combined with microproteomics, a spatially resolved proteomic technology.
PAM50-Intermediate risk tumors had a distinctive proteomic profile compared to low and high-risk tumors. Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins, 4-aminobutyrate aminotransferase, and pleckstrin homology-like domain family A member 1 are discriminating proteins between intermediate risk and low risk tumors. Differences were observed in expression of integrin beta-1, DNA replication licensing factors, splicing factors and interleukin enhancer-binding factor 2 between intermediate and high-risk tumors. Proteomic profiles of stroma according to tumor risk groups also showed differential protein expressions mainly between intermediate and high-risk groups. Breast cancer markers such as nuclear mitotic apparatus protein 1(NUMA1), C-1-tetrahydrofolate synthase (MTHFD1), cystatin-C (CST3), and T-cell immune regulator 1 (TCIRG1) were identified in high-risk tumors. Specific protein profiles were identified in stroma versus tumor. Immunoglobulin kappa chain, IGHG1, IGHM, IGHM, MMP2, ORM1 & ORM2, podocan, asprorin, immunoglobulin superfamily containing leucine-rich repeat protein (ISLR) were detected in stroma. By contrast, squamous cell carcinoma antigen recognized by T-cells 3 (SART3), shootin-1, mitotic checkpoint protein BUB3, XRCC5 &XRCC6, membrane-associated progesterone receptor component 2 (PGRMC) and hepatocyte growth factor-regulated tyrosine kinase substrate (HGS) were specifically detected in tumor. Further analyses on an expanded cohort of patients will be presented.
MALDI mass spectrometry proteomics reveal distinctive tumor and microenvironment profiles in PAM50 intermediate risk early breast cancers.
Citation Format: Hajjaji N, Aboulouard S, Robin YM, Bertin D, Fournier I, Bonneterre J, Salzet M. Proteomic profile of PAM50 intermediate risk early breast cancers [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium; 2018 Dec 4-8; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2019;79(4 Suppl):Abstract nr P3-08-15.