Background:Microsatellite instability (MSI) is a phenotype resulting from defect in mismatch repair genes. The Food and Drug Administration approved anti-programmed death 1 (PD-1) immune checkpoint inhibitor for any solid tumor with MSI-high (MSI-H). Some tumors had good response to PD-1 blockade and it is a promising treatment for a part of refractory breast cancers. Our goal was to determine the frequency of MSI in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), one of the most clinically aggressive subtypes.
Patients and Methods:This study included 228 patients with primary TNBC underwent resection without neoadjuvant chemotherapy between January 2004 and December 2014. Genomic DNA was extracted from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissue. Tumor and control DNA were amplified by polymerase chain reaction at the following 5 microsatellite markers: NR-21, BAT-26, BAT-25, NR-24, MONO-27. We classified the tumors as microsatellite stable(MSS), MSI-low or MSI-H.
Results: The mean age of patients was 59 years (range: 30-89) and all were women. T1 tumors were 57.9% and N0 were 67.5%. Meanwhile, the tumors with nuclear grade 3 were 66.2% and high Ki-67 (> 30%) were 66.7%. Among the 228 tumors, 222 tumors (97.4%) revealed MSS, of which 6 (2.6%) revealed MSI and 2 (0.9%) were MSI-H. Among the MSI tumors, T and N factor were showed as follows: T1: 2 tumors, T2: 3 tumors, T3: 1 tumor, N0: 5 tumors and N1: 1 tumor. Of two MSI-H tumors, one showed T1N0 and another showed T2N0. The both of them showed nuclear grade 3, high Ki-67 (> 30%) and had common following instable markers: NR-21, BAT-26 and BAT-25.
Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that the frequency of MSI-H was 0.9% (2/228). MSI might not be useful as a biomarker for immune check point inhibitors. MSI should be combined with another biomarker such as tumor mutational burden in TNBC.
Citation Format: Kurata K, Kubo M, Mori H, Kawaji H, Motoyama Y, Kuroki L, Yamada M, Kaneshiro K, Kai M, Nakamura M. Microsatellite instability in triple negative breast cancers [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium; 2018 Dec 4-8; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2019;79(4 Suppl):Abstract nr P1-06-11.