Cholangiocarcinoma is one of the most highly malignant cancers. Many patients need systemic chemotherapy for tumor development and recurrence, but their prognosis is poor. Therefore new treatment options are urgently required. We confirmed that the expression of glypican-1 (GPC1) was enhanced in cholangiocarcinoma. GPC1 is a cell surface membrane protein and has been reported as a poor prognostic factor in pancreatic cancer. In this study, we aimed to develop a new therapy for cholangiocarcinoma by the antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) targeting GPC1. By immunohistochemical analysis, enhanced expression of GPC1 was observed in clinical specimens of cholangiocarcinoma. KKU-055 and KKU-100 cells, which are cell lines of cholangiocarcinoma, had high expression of GPC1. In the KKU-055 xenograft model when we administered fluorescently-labeled GPC1 antibody to mice, it accumulated in tumor tissue. We developed a new anti-GPC1 monoclonal antibody (mAb) with highly internalizing activity. The anti-GPC1 mAb was conjugated with the cytotoxic agent monomethyl auristatin F (MMAF). GPC1-ADC showed potent antitumor effect toward KKU-055 and KKU-100 cells compared with the control ADC. In the KKU-055 xenograft model, GPC1-ADC had significant and potent tumor growth inhibition in a dose-dependent manner. In summary, our newly-developed GPC1-ADC showed significant tumor growth inhibition against GPC1-positive cholangiocarcinoma cell lines. Our preclinical data demonstrated that targeting GPC1 by ADC is a promising therapy for GPC1-positive cholangiocarcinoma.

Citation Format: Keiichiro Yokota, Satoshi Serada, Shigehiro Tsujii, Kosuke Hiramatsu, Tsutomu Namikawa, Ichiro Murakami, Kazuhiro Hanazaki, Tetsuji Naka. Antibody-drug conjugate targeting glypican-1 shows tumor growth inhibition in cholangiocarcinoma [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2019; 2019 Mar 29-Apr 3; Atlanta, GA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2019;79(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 4833.