PhIP (2-Amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo [4,5-b] pyridine), a prominent mutagen/carcinogen is a heterocyclic amine found in meat cooked at high temperature and in tobacco. PhIP is known to induce liver, colon, skin, prostate, and breast cancer as evident from several in vivo and in vitro studies. Our previous studies have demonstrated that curcumin significantly inhibits PhIP-induced DNA adduct formation and DNA double-strand breaks with the concomitant decrease in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production via multiple molecular targets. We hypothesize that PhIP induced ROS production induces inflammatory proteins and co-treatment with curcumin would suppress the induced inflammation. Therefore, human breast epithelial cells (MCF 10A) were used to test the expression of inflammatory proteins. MCF 10A cells were treated with PhIP alone and in presence of curcumin. Untreated cells and treated only with curcumin served as control. Human Inflammation array (Ray Biotech) was used to analyze the expression of forty inflammatory proteins. Results show that the expression of twenty inflammatory proteins is induced in MCF 10 A cells when treated with PhIP as compared to the controls. Presence of curcumin reduces the induced expression of these twenty inflammatory proteins. However, three inflammatory proteins (IL-8, IL 12p40 and ICAM-1) showed a significantly higher level of expression with PhIP and curcumin co-treated cells as compared to cells treated with PhIP alone. It is shown that higher expression of IL-8, IL 12p-40 and ICAM-1 is involved in chemotactic factor involve in attracting the neutrophils, basophils; activation of T and NK cells which might be helping in coordinating the inflammation process. Hence the present study suggests that curcumin is a promising natural compound to revert the effect of PhIP induced inflammation.

Citation Format: Ashok Jain. Curcumin suppresses PhIP induced inflammatory protein expression in breast epithelial cells [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2019; 2019 Mar 29-Apr 3; Atlanta, GA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2019;79(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 2346.