Sulfiredoxin (Srx) is multifunction enzyme with a primary antioxidant role of reducing the overoxidized inactive form of peroxiredoxins (Prxs). In contrast to the well-studied biochemical function, the biological significance of Srx in human diseases including cancer has not been well studied. Our previous studies show that it plays an important role in tumorigenesis and malignant progression of human skin, lung and colorectal cancers. Fascin homologue 1 (FSCN1) is an actin-binding protein that is critical for cancer cell invasion and metastasis. The purpose of this study is to understand the molecular mechanism of Srx on the invasion and metastasis of human colorectal cancer cells through the regulation of FSCN1. The effects of Srx on the migration and invasion of human colon cancer HCT116 cells were evaluated by wound healing and matrigel invasion assay, respectively. Actin stress fiber was visualized by F-actin fluorescence staining. Western blotting and reverse transcription & real-time PCR were used to examine the protein and RNA levels of FSCN1 in HCT116 cells. The effect of Srx on FSCN1 promoter and 3’ UTR were determined using luciferase reporter construct. We demonstrated that (1) knockdown of Srx suppressed HCT116 colony formation and cell invasion in the matrigel invasion assay; (2) knockdown of Srx inhibited FSCN1 expression in HCT116 cells at both RNA and protein level; (3) the inhibition is the result of decreased FSCN1 mRNA stability; (5) Srx stabilizes FSCN1 mRNA 3’ UTR mediated reporter expression; (4) knockdown of Srx reduced actin stress-fiber formation; (5) Srx and Prx4 synchronically regulates FASN1 expression. Therefore, we concluded that Srx promotes the invasion and metastasis of human colon cancer cells through the upregulation of FSCN1.

Citation Format: Hong Jiang, Qi Ying, B. Mark Evers, Qiou Wei. Sulfiredoxin promotes the invasion of human colorectal cancer cells through the activation of fascin [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2019; 2019 Mar 29-Apr 3; Atlanta, GA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2019;79(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 177.