Circadian rhythms, which cycle approximately every 24 hours, control patterns of daily functions, e.g. feeding and fasting, rest and activity, and sleeping and waking. Altering the finely tuned circadian rhythms by an erratic lifestyle (e.g. disruption of the daily feeding and fasting pattern) leads to metabolic disorders, including obesity. Obesity is a risk factor for cancer. Obese cancer patients are at a greater risk of recurrence and metastasis than patients with normal body weight. We hypothesized that time-restricted feeding (TRF) attenuates high-fat diet-enhanced metastasis. In a metastasis model of Lewis lung carcinoma (LLC), male C57BL/6 mice were fed the standard AIN93G diet (16% of energy from soybean oil) or a high-fat diet (HFD) containing 45% of energy from soybean oil with or without dark phase restricted feeding (12 hours per day) for 10 weeks. Pulmonary metastases from a primary tumor, established by subcutaneous injection of LLC cells, were quantified. The percent fat body mass of the TRF group was lower than that of the HFD group and remained similar to that of the AIN93G group. There was no difference in energy intake between the TRF and HFD groups. The number and size of lung metastases were significantly higher in the HFD group than in the AIN93G group; however, there were no differences in these measurements between the TRF and the AIN93G groups. Time-restricted feeding prevented HFD-induced increases in plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin, proinflammatory cytokines (leptin, monocyte chemotactic protein-1, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1), and angiogenic factors (angiopoietin-2, hepatic growth factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor). We conclude that TRF attenuates the HFD-enhanced pulmonary metastasis of LLC. This protection may be through the entrainment of metabolic regulators to the fixed feeding time that results in reductions in body adiposity and associated cancer-promoting inflammatory and angiogenic factors.

Citation Format: Lin Yan, Sneha Sundaram. Time-restricted feeding attenuates pulmonary metastasis of Lewis lung carcinoma in mice fed a high-fat diet [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2019; 2019 Mar 29-Apr 3; Atlanta, GA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2019;79(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 1608.