The Androgen Receptor (AR) remains the principal driver of castration-resistant prostate cancer during the transition from a localized to metastatic disease. Most patients initially respond to inhibitors of the AR pathway, but the response is often short-lived. The majority of patients progressing on enzalutamide or abiraterone exhibit genetic alterations in the AR locus, either in the form of amplifications or point mutations in the AR gene. Given these mechanisms of resistance, our goal is to eliminate the AR protein using the PROteolysis TArgeting Chimera (PROTAC) technology. Here we report an orally bioavailable small molecule ARV-110 that leads to ubiquitination and degradation of AR. ARV-110 completely degrades AR in all cell lines tested, with an observed 50% degradation concentration (DC50) < 1 nM. PROTAC-mediated AR degradation suppresses the expression of the AR-target genes PSA and FKBP5, inhibits AR-dependent cell proliferation, and induces potent apoptosis in VCaP cells. ARV-110 degrades clinically relevant mutant AR proteins and retains activity in a high androgen environment. In mouse xenograft studies, greater than 90% AR degradation is observed at a 1 mg/kg PO QD dose. Significant inhibition of tumor growth and AR signaling can be achieved in both an intact and castrate setting. Further, ARV-110 demonstrates in vivo efficacy and reduction of oncogenic Erg protein in a long term, castrate, enzalutamide-resistant VCaP tumor model. DMPK and exploratory toxicology studies show robust oral, dose proportional drug exposure in rodent and non-rodent species. In summary, we report preclinical data on ARV-110, an orally bioavailable androgen receptor PROTAC degrader that demonstrates efficacy in enzalutamide-resistant prostate cancer.

Citation Format: Taavi Neklesa, Lawrence B. Snyder, Ryan R. Willard, Nicholas Vitale, Kanak Raina, Jennifer Pizzano, Deborah Gordon, Mark Bookbinder, Jennifer Macaluso, Hanqing Dong, Zheng Liu, Caterina Ferraro, Gan Wang, Jing Wang, Craig M. Crews, John Houston, Andrew P. Crew, Ian Taylor. ARV-110: An androgen receptor PROTAC degrader for prostate cancer [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2018; 2018 Apr 14-18; Chicago, IL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 5236.