Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common cancer and third deadliest cancer in American men, yet the only established risk factors are familial genetics, age and race. Men of African Ancestry (moAA) have higher PCa incidence rates when compared to Caucasian men in the United States, which are due to differences in genetic susceptibility variants. Moreover, high mortality rates of PCa are associated with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) due to maintenance of androgen receptor (AR) signaling in PCa cells following androgen ablation therapy. The 8q24 chromosomal locus is a highly susceptible PCa region that has frequent amplifications of the c-MYC oncogene and downstream PVT1 gene. PVT1 is a long non-protein coding gene that encodes six annotated microRNAs (miRNAs), including microRNA-1205 (miR-1205), yet the function of these miRNAs are poorly understood. To elucidate the role of miR-1205 in PCa, we examined miR-1205 mRNA expression in a cohort of normal (n=22), benign (n=42), and malignant (n=26) histologically confirmed prostatic tissues obtained from prostatectomy or transrectal biopsies of moAA men in Ibadan, Nigeria. One-way ANOVA analysis determined changes in the relative expression of miR-1205 between groups (F(2,87) = 1.153) and a Tukey post hoc test revealed decreased miR-1205 expression in benign (4.61 ± 7.5) and malignant tumors (3.39 ± 3.53) when compared to normal tissues (6.55 ± 9.5). These data suggest that miR-1205 may function as a miRNA tumor suppressor and is characteristic to moAA-associated PCa. To elucidate the molecular mechanism of miR-1205, we examined AR and c-MYC mRNA expression using androgen-dependent LNCaP and CRPC C4-2B and 22RV1 cells. We observed a two-fold decrease of miR-1205 expression and overexpression of AR and c-MYC in C4-2B and 22RV1 cells when compared to LNCaP, suggesting that miR-1205 may regulate AR and c-MYC signaling in CRPC. Next, we identified Fry-like (FRYL) as a putative target using a miSVR computer algorithm and subsequently performed whole transcriptome analysis on prostate tumors and adjacent normal tissue from fourteen PCa patients using the Galaxy web platform. FRYL and AR overexpression was observed in diseased patients suggesting that FRYL may function as an oncogene. Moreover, FRYL was overexpressed in C4-2B and 22RV1 cells when compared to LNCaP, further suggesting a role in CRPC development. C4-2B cells transfected with miR-1205 and the 3'UTR of FRYL in a luciferase expressing vector revealed a significant decrease in luciferase activity when compared to control cells, indicating direct binding of miR-1205 to the 3'UTR of FRYL. These observations strongly suggest that miR-1205 acts as a tumor suppressor that may regulate AR and c-MYC expression, and directly targets the 3'UTR of FRYL in PCa cells. Further understanding the role of miR-1205 regulation of FRYL, AR, and c-MYC signaling may provide novel insights into the molecular mechanisms of CRPC.
Citation Format: Michelle K. Naidoo, Dibash K. Das, Adeodat Ilboudo, Akintunde Orunmuyi, Gabriel O. Ogun, S. A. Adebayo, E. O. Olapade-Olaopa, Olorunseun Ogunwobi. MicroRNA-1205 as a tumor suppressor in castration resistant prostate cancer [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2018; 2018 Apr 14-18; Chicago, IL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 503.