The fundamental limitations of conventional cancer treatment have promoted the development and application of nanoengineering platforms for achieving effective patient outcomes. Over a time, considerable clinical success has been accomplished in nanotechnology field but there are many challenges limiting the progress of nanomedicine from bench to the beside. The highly heterogeneous tumor environment, an inadequate understanding of interactions between tumor biomarkers and nanomedicine, and reproducibility in synthesis required for clinical translation are some of the major challenges. Thus, there is an urgent need to redirect our focus of nano-drug carrier that can target multiple components of tumor including, tumor epithelial cells, tumor angiogenic vessels, tumor hypoxia and stromal cells. To achieve this, we developed a library of various tumor biomarker targeting ligands, and drug and imaging agents encapsulated in nanoparticles (NPs). Finally, the library of targeting ligands was conjugated with NPs using reagent free ‘click' chemistry. This strategy will serve as an “off-the-shelf ready to configure drug formulation" that can be engineered based on a mix-and-match strategy for individual patient needs. It is envisaged that the patient can walk in the clinic and be given the targeted drug that is personalized to their need. For the proof-of-concept, we evaluated tumor selectivity of multiple cancer biomarker targeting oligo-micelles (OMs), iron oxide and lipid NPs in various patient derived tumor xenograft (PDx) models, such as non-small cell lung and triple negative breast cancer. We observed that the dual tumor hypoxia and cancer stem cell (CSC) targeting rod shaped OM has 8-fold higher tumor core penetration compared to non-targeted OM in these PDx tumors, as obtained from NIR-fluorescence imaging. This OM has significantly higher tumor vs. liver ratio and they follow tumor specific receptor competition. The tumor growth inhibition of drug loaded OM is superior compared to free drug. This approach demonstrated significant improvement of tumor stroma penetration with low healthy organ uptake of NPs portending more promising potentials for selective cancer treatment.

Citation Format: Samaresh Sau, Hashem Alsaab, Katyayani Tatiparti, Ketki Bhise, Arun Rishi, Arun K. Iyer. Tumor multicomponent targeting nanoparticle library for personalized cancer therapy & imaging [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2018; 2018 Apr 14-18; Chicago, IL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 4660.