Unprecedented rates of durable clinical responses have been observed for antibody-based therapeutics targeting immune checkpoint proteins such as cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) or programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1). Nonetheless, a significant number of patients experience de novo resistance or relapse due to adaptive resistance mechanisms. T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing-3 (TIM-3) is an inhibitory receptor involved in immune tolerance often co-opted by tumors to prevent successful antitumor responses. Accordingly, TIM-3 is frequently expressed on myeloid and so-called exhausted T and NK cells within the tumor microenvironment. Targeting the TIM-3 pathway in preclinical models has provided additional rationale for pharmacologic modulation of this axis in cancer patients. INCAGN02390 is a novel and fully human Fc-engineered IgG1κ antibody developed to antagonize the TIM-3 pathway for the treatment of human malignancies. INCAGN02390 forms a high-affinity interaction with TIM-3, occluding access to the CC'-FG binding cleft and blocking phosphatidylserine binding. In addition, INCAGN02390 elicits rapid receptor internalization, potentially obviating interactions with other described or undescribed ligands. INCAGN02390 also enhances IFN-γ production from T cells undergoing tonic TCR stimulation when combined with PD-1 blockade. Finally, to demonstrate combinatorial potential, we show potent antitumor activity of an anti-mouse TIM-3 antibody in concert with other checkpoint antibodies in vivo. In summary, these data support assessment of INCAGN02390 in patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors.

Citation Format: Jeremy Waight, Priyadarshini Iyer, Ekaterina Breous-Nystrom, Christina Riordan, Mark Findeis, Dennis Underwood, Joseph Connolly, Michele Sanicola-Nadel, Horacio Nastri, Peggy Scherle, Gregory Hollis, Reid Huber, Robert Stein, Mark van Dijk, Nicholas S. Wilson. INCAGN02390, a novel antagonist antibody that targets the co-inhibitory receptor TIM-3 [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2018; 2018 Apr 14-18; Chicago, IL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 3825.