miRNAs are a class of non-coding RNAs, which bind to the 3'-untranslated regions of their target mRNAs to repress translation. However, the details of miRNA-mediated epigenetic regulation targeting genomic DNA remained largely unknown. Here, we demonstrated that transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer binding protein delta (CEBPD) was responsive to the anticancer drug bortezomib, is a highly selective reversible inhibitor for leukemia treatment, and resulting in caspase activation and apoptosis. Interestingly, following the identification of CEBPD-induced miRNAs, we found that miR-744, miR-3154 and miR-3162 feedback to suppress the transcription of CEBPD itself and genes adjacent to its 5'-flanking region, including protein kinase DNA-activated catalytic polypeptide (PRKDC), minichromosome maintenance-deficient 4 (MCM4) and ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2 variant 2 (UBE2V2), upon bortezomib treatment. Additionally, we previously demonstrated that the Yin Yang 1 (YY1)/polycomb group (PcG) protein/DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) complex is important for mediating epigenetic silencing of the CEBPD gene; we further found that Argonaute 2 (Ago2) interacts with YY1 and binds to the CEBPD promoter. Moreover, we revealed that miRNA binding plays a key role for YY1/PcG group protein/DNMT complex-mediated epigenetic gene silencing and is associated with bortezomib-induced methylation on genomic DNA. Altogether, we provided new insights for miRNA-mediated epigenetic regulation in the case of bortezomib-induced cell death in leukemia.

Citation Format: Ju-Ming Wang, Yu-Yi Chu, Chiung-Yuan Ko, Shao-Ming Wang, Pin-I Lin, Han-Ying Wang, Wen-Chi Lin, Dong-Yu Wu. miRNAs/Ago2/YY1/PcG protein/DNMT complex mediates epigenetic silencing of locus genes and associates with bortezomib-induced apoptosis of leukemia [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2018; 2018 Apr 14-18; Chicago, IL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 358.