T-cell leukemia/lymphoma Antigen1 (TCL1) is a B-cell oncoprotein that is overexpressed in multiple forms of B-cell lymphoma. In our previous study, we identified a HLA*A0201-restricted T cell epitope from TCL1 that stimulated CD8+ T cells to specifically lyse lymphoma cells. In this study, we have cloned the TCL170-79 peptide-specific T-cell receptor (TCR) gene that after lentivirus transduction into donor T cells can redirect the specificity of T cells to lyse T2 cells pulsed with TCL170-79 but not control peptide. The TCR-transduced CD8+ T cells efficiently lysed HLA-0201+, TCL1-expressing human lymphoma cell lines and primary lymphoma cells, but not normal B cells. Adoptive transfer of TCR-transduced T cells into a mantle cell lymphoma xenograft mouse model inhibited the tumor growth and significantly extended the survival of mice. In addition, we found that TCL1 is expressed in multiple solid tumors. The TCR-transduced T cells lysed colon and liver tumor cells but not normal human cells in vitro as well as in a mouse xenograft model. Collectively, our data demonstrate that TCL1-specific TCR-based immunotherapy is highly effective against human B-cell lymphomas and non-hematological tumors.
Citation Format: Jinsheng Weng, Kelsey E. Moriarty, Yong Pan, Flavio Egidio Baio, Hua Wang, Hiroki Torikai, Sourindra N. Maiti, Fuliang Chu, Xiaoyun Cheng, Swathi Karri, Deepshika Medapalli, Laurence J. N. Cooper, Sattva S. Neelapu. A TCL1-specific T-cell receptor redirects T cells against B-cell lymphomas and non-hematological tumors [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2018; 2018 Apr 14-18; Chicago, IL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 2566.