Cyclin-dependent kinase 12 (CDK12) is a transcription-associated kinase that participates in various cellular processes such as DNA damage response, splicing and pre-mRNA processing. In association with Cyclin K (CycK), CDK12 regulates transcription elongation by phosphorylating RNA polymerase II (RNAP II) at Serine 2 in the C-terminal domain (CTD). Overexpression of CDK12 in various tumor types suggests the possibility that CDK12 has oncogenic properties, similarly to other transcription-associated kinases. Considering its critical role in transcription and RNA processing CDK12 is emerging as a potential therapeutic target for cancer. Multiple series of potent and selective CDK12 covalent inhibitors were identified by iterative medicinal chemistry efforts and SAR-based approaches. Early compounds were optimized towards attaining good physicochemical properties, high potency, good selectivity and desirable pharmacokinetic profile to achieve anti-tumour activity. Very potent and highly selective CDK12 inhibitors have been identified from two distinct chemical series. The covalent mode of action for these biochemically potent compounds has been confirmed by CDK12 target engagement assay in the cellular context. These selective inhibitors showed significant anti-proliferative activity in TNBC and other cancer cell lines, which correlated with inhibition of pS2 (RNAP II), a bonafide CDK12 substrate and target engagement. In vivo target engagement, PD and efficacy data for optimized compounds with good oral bioavailability in a TNBC (HCC-70) xenograft model along with will be presented.
Citation Format: Ramulu Poddutoori, Sujatha Rajagopalan, Subhendu Mukherjee, Sivapriya Marappan, Samiulla D S, Sasirekha Sivakumar, Shilpa S. Nayak, Ravindra M. V, Hadianawala Murtuza, Devaraja T. S, Srinivas Kondela, Suraj Tgore, Amit A. Dhudashiya, Charamanna K. B, Thomas Antony, Girish Daginakatte, Sanjeev Giri, Shekar Chelur, Murali Ramachandra, Chetan Pandit, Susanta Samajdar. Preclinical evaluation of PD and efficacy of novel potent selective and orally bioavailable CDK12 covalent inhibitors in TNBC model [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2018; 2018 Apr 14-18; Chicago, IL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2018;78(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 2384.