Background: Despite significant advances in targeted therapy, HER2+ metastatic breast cancer (MBC) remains incurable. Ideal treatment includes pertuzumab and trastuzumab in combination with a taxane in the first line setting, followed by ado-trastuzumab emtansine on progression. Optimal treatment regimens in the third and greater line of therapy are not defined, but continued anti-HER2 therapy is recommended. Margetuximab is a Fc-modified monoclonal antibody to HER2 that recognizes the same epitope on HER2 as does trastuzumab, with similar affinity. Margetuximab demonstrates increased affinity to the activating CD16A Fc-receptor found on NK cells and macrophages and decreased affinity to the inhibitory CD32B receptor compared to trastuzumab. In vitro studies showed enhanced antibody dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity compared to trastuzumab. In a Phase 1 dose escalation and expansion trial, margetuximab showed single agent clinical activity against HER2+ tumors in patients previously treated with trastuzumab and other anti-HER2 agents. Methods: SOPHIA is a randomized, prospective study testing the hypothesis that margetuximab plus chemotherapy (CTX) is more effective than trastuzumab plus CTX in patients previously treated for HER2+ MBC. Sequential primary endpoints are centrally assessed progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). The study size of 530 patients is determined to have 80% power to detect a hazard ratio for OS of 0.75. Secondary endpoints are investigator assessed PFS and centrally assessed overall response rate. Eligibility includes prior treatment with trastuzumab, pertuzumab, and ado-trastuzumab emtansine; no more than 3 prior lines of therapy in the metastatic setting; prior demonstration of HER2+ status at a local reference laboratory; and absence of active brain metastases. Eligible patients are randomized 1:1 to receive CTX (physician's choice: capecitabine, eribulin, gemcitabine or vinorelbine) plus either margetuximab or trastuzumab until disease progression or toxicity. Antibody may be continued after stopping CTX in patients with responding or stable disease. Progress to date: The trial was initiated July 2015 and is ongoing in the US and Europe with planned expansion to Korea and Israel. Identifier NCT02492711; Eudract 2015-000380-13.

Citation Format: Rugo HS, Pegram MD, Gradishar WJ, Cortes J, Curigliano G, Hong S, Wigginton JM, Lechleider RJ, Cardoso F. SOPHIA: A phase 3, randomized study of margetuximab plus chemotherapy vs trastuzumab plus chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with HER2+ metastatic breast cancer [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 2016 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium; 2016 Dec 6-10; San Antonio, TX. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2017;77(4 Suppl):Abstract nr OT1-02-07.