In traditional Chinese medicine, some Chinese herbs to be used as foods can protect and promote human health. Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) leaves (LL) and Cassia (Cassia tora) seeds (CS) are often used as a food or an ingredient when cooking in Chinese region. LL and CS have been studied to exhibit some biological effects but there is no investigation to study their cancer chemopreventive potential. In this study, the extracts, including water extract (WE), water extraction residue ethanol extract (WREE) and ethanol extract (EE), of LL and CS were prepared. HepG2-C8 cell line, HepG2 cells stably transfected with Nrf2-ARE-luciferase plasmid, were used to screen out the extracts with cancer chemoprevetive potential. Our results showed that CS-WE, LL-WREE and LL-EE has better Nrf2-ARE-luciferase induction activity. Furthermore, we also found that these three extracts can inhibit 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced anchorage-independent cell growth of JB6 P+ cells while up-regulating Nrf2 and Nrf2 downstream antioxidant/detoxification enzymes. These results suggested that Chinese herbal Lotus leaves and Cassia seeds to be used as foods might inhibit carcinogenesis through the regulation of Nrf2 pathway.

Citation Format: Yen-Fan Chan, Zi-Han Lin, Pei-Chun Chen, Ping-Hua Sung, Zheng-Yuan Su. Lotus leaf and Cassia seed extracts, through activating Nrf2 pathway, suppress TPA-induced mouse skin cell transformation [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2017; 2017 Apr 1-5; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2017;77(13 Suppl):Abstract nr LB-153. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2017-LB-153