Introduction: CTC count is an independent predictor of overall survival in mCRPC. Isolation of CTC from peripheral blood (PB) for genomic and functional analysis is challenging, especially in patients (pts) with low CTC count. It has been shown that DLA increases CTC yield. However, it has yet to be proven whether CTC isolation from DLA can be used in complementary studies such as molecular characterization and growth of organoid culture for drug sensitivity studies. Here we present preliminary data of an on-going study, which evaluates DLA in mCRPC pts, focusing on safety, CTC enrichment, molecular characterization and feasibility for organoid culture. Methods: mCRPC pts considered for clinical trials were selected according to performance status (ECOG 0-1) and number of CTC found in 7.5ml PB (>20 cells/7.5mL). DLA products (200x106 cells) were processed using the CellSearch CTC kit (Janssen Diagnostics, LLC) according to manufacturer procedures. The contents of CellSearch cartridges were sorted into single cell by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) and subsequently assessed by array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) for copy number aberrations (CNA). Enrichment of CTC for organoid culture was performed by density gradient of mononuclear cells followed by positive selection using magnetic beads. Results: Overall 12 mCRPC patients underwent DLA without any complication or toxicity. The mean CTC count was 90 CTC/7.5 ml peripheral blood (median = 31) and ranged from 20 to 324. CellSearch CTC count in the DLA yielded a mean of 466 (median=203) and ranged from 60 to 2496 with an up to 40-fold increase (mean = 13, median = 6) in CTC count separation when comparing 1mL of PB to 1mL of DLA. Molecular analyses of FACS single CTC from the DLA by aCGH showed that these CTC genomic profiles had the typical hallmarks of mCRPC with CNAs including AR and MYC locus (8q) amplification, and PTEN, RB1, TP53, CHD1 loss. Additionally, ex vivo culture of CTC-derived organoids was successfully achieved. aCGH of these organoids matched the genomic profile that of the CTC from the same patient. Conclusion: DLA from mCRPC pts was well tolerated and yields higher CTC capture than PB and may provide an alternative to tissue biopsy and routine blood volumes. Our strategy allowed us to isolate genomic DNA with good quality for molecular characterization and viable CTC for organoid culture and functional studies.

Citation Format: Maryou B. Lambros, Veronica S. Gil, Mateus Crespo, Mariane S. Fontes, Rui N. Neves, Niven Mahra, Gemma Fowler, Berni Ebbs, Penny Flohr, George Seed, Wei Yuan, Joanne Hunt, Deirdre Moloney, Dionne Ayanda, Joost F. Swennenhuis, Kiki C. Andree, Semini Sumanasuriya, Matthew Clarke, Pasquale Rescigno, Zafeiris Zafeiriou, Joaquin Mateo, Diletta Bianchini, Nikolas H. Stoecklein, Leon W. Terstappen, Gunther Boysen, Johann S. De Bono. Diagnostic leukapheresis (DLA): Molecular characterisation and organoid culture of circulating tumor cells (CTC) from metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2017; 2017 Apr 1-5; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2017;77(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 993. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2017-993