Protein kinase D1 (PRKD1) is down regulated in gastric, breast and prostate cancer. Several regulatory mechanisms modulate PRKD1 activity in cancers. In colon cancer, it has been shown that PRKD1 is down regulated by nuclear beta-catenin. We explored whether beta-catenin is involved in regulation of PRKD1 expression in prostate cancer as well. A CHIP assay performed using prostate cancer LNCaP cell lysate and pull down with beta -catenin antibody, which demonstrated recruitment of beta -catenin to promoter of PRKD1 gene as well as at downstream regions in the gene suggesting that beta -catenin could be involved in PRKD1 regulation. To identify the exact binding site of beta-catenin to PRKD1 gene, we carried out CHIP sequencing. The beta -catenin protein complex was bound to a 166 bp sequence near exon 2 (chr14:29899631-29899796). Because beta -catenin is a coactivator and not a known transcription factor, we performed a transcription factor promoter array, which showed that the MYC/MAX transcription factor complex may be the mediator of the regulatory effect of beta -catenin on PRKD1 expression. We validated the results by performing CHIP assay using MYC and MAX antibodies which showed recruitment of both MYC and MAX to the same beta -catenin binding site to PRKD1. In order to assess the functional impact of beta -catenin regulation of PRKD1 in prostate cancer, beta-catenin mutated at threonine
120 residue (we have previously shown that PRKD1 is the only known kinase to phosphorylate the site) demonstrated increased nuclear translocation of beta-catenin and increase down regulation of PRKD1 and increased androgen receptor (AR) activity (increased AR activity is well established to be associated with PC progression). Our data has identified a novel auto-regulatory mechanism of PRKD1 expression through beta-catenin phosphorylation.
Citation Format: Bita Nickkholgh, Sittadjody Sivanandane. Autoregulation of protein kinase D1 (PRKD1) expression in prostate cancer [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2017; 2017 Apr 1-5; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2017;77(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 5498. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2017-5498