Background: We examined the association of platinum resistance with genetic mutations in high grade serous ovarian cancer (HSOC) patients undergoing high-throughput genomic tumor sequencing.
Methods: Snap-frozen and fresh frozen paraffin embedded tissue samples were collected from HSOC patients enrolled on UNCseq (NCT01457196). UNCSeq is an institutional protocol which uses next generation sequencing to detect genetic mutations in a wide array of malignancies. Illumina libraries were prepared separately from tumor and a matched normal sample from each patient. Relevant targets were enriched by a custom designed Agilent SureSelect hybrid capture enrichment library using standard protocols. Samples were sequenced on Illumina HiSeq machines in a variety of formats. Mutations with a quality score <100 were filtered from the data set, and only mutations rated to have a moderate to high impact were retained. Medical record review determined platinum sensitivity or platinum resistance. Tumors were defined as platinum sensitive or resistant if patients were noted to have > or < 6 months of disease free interval following completion of induction therapy, respectively.
Results: Overall 39 HSOC cases met inclusion criteria; 32 tumors met criteria for platinum sensitive and 7 platinum resistant. 308 mutations were noted in at least one individual across all patients. The top observed mutations in platinum sensitive HSOC were TP53 (41%, n= 13), GucylA2 (19%, n=6), MLL2 (19%, n=6) and MTOR (16%, n=5). The top observed mutations in platinum resistant tumors were TP53 (71%, n=5), TET1 (43%, n=3), NF1 (43%, n=3) and MLL3 (43%, n=3). There was a trend toward more p53 mutations in resistant tumors (71% versus 41%, p=0.21) There was no difference in the total number of mutations per tumor in platinum sensitive and resistant patients, (3 vs. 4, p=0.516).
Conclusions: We did not detect a difference in the number of genetic mutations in HSOC according to platinum sensitivity. Platinum resistant tumors had a trend toward higher frequency of TP53 mutations than platinum sensitive HSOCs. Furthermore, we identified 3 frequently mutated genes in platinum resistant HSOC: TET1, an epigenetic regulator, NF1, a tumor suppressor gene and MLL3, a histone modifier gene. Ongoing tumor sequencing of HSOCs on UNCseq will help to confirm these results.
Citation Format: Tara Castellano, Leslie H. Clark, Naim Rashid, Victoria Bae-Jump. Genetic variation in platinum-sensitive and platinum-resistant high-grade serous epithelial ovarian cancer [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2017; 2017 Apr 1-5; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2017;77(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 412. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2017-412