Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is an attractive target for an ADC approach as it is over-expressed by virtually all prostate cancers and its expression is highest in poorly-differentiated, metastatic and castration-resistant cases. PSMA has limited expression in non-prostatic tissues, it is not secreted or cleaved by PSMA-expressing cells, and it is constitutively internalized, a process that may be accelerated by specific antibody binding. ADCT-401/MEDI3726 is an ADC composed of a monoclonal antibody (J591), directed against human PSMA, site-specifically conjugated (drug-to-antibody ratio of 1.8) to a highly cytotoxic DNA cross-linking PBD dimer with a valine-alanine dipeptide linker. In vitro, ADCT-401/MEDI3726 demonstrated potent and specific cytotoxicity in a panel of PSMA-expressing prostate cancer cell lines, whereas its activity was greatly reduced in PSMA-negative cell lines. In vivo, ADCT-401/MEDI3726 showed strong antitumor activity against CWR22Rv1 and LNCaP human-derived prostate cancer xenograft models. In the CWR22Rv1 model, a tumor with low, heterogeneous PSMA expression, ADCT-401/MEDI3726 achieved dose-dependent antitumor activity when administered as single dose at either 0.33 or 1 mg/kg, which resulted in significant increase in survival compared to the vehicle-treated animals. Moreover, a single dose of ADCT-401/MEDI3726 showed remarkable superior antitumor activity compared to multiple doses of another PSMA-targeted ADC stochastically conjugated to the auristatin payload vcMMAE with a DAR of ~4. In the LNCaP model, ADCT-401/MEDI3726 resulted in dose-dependent antitumor activity when dosed once at 0.11, 0.33 or 1 mg/kg. In the PSMA-negative prostate cancer-derived PC3 xenograft model, ADCT-401/MEDI3726 and an isotope-control ADC showed limited tumor growth inhibition highlighting target-mediated antitumor activity. ADCT-401/MEDI3726 demonstrated potent and specific in vitro and in vivo antitumor activity in prostate cancer-derived models of differing levels of PSMA and this warrants further development of this ADC into the clinic.

Citation Format: Francesca Zammarchi, Simon Chivers, Karin Havenith, David G. Williams, Lauren Adams, Maria Mellinas-Gomez, Simon Corbett, Peter Tyrer, Francois D'Hooge, Song Cho, Nazzareno Dimasi, Mary Jane Hinrichs, Phil W. Howard, John A. Hartley, Patrick H. van Berkel. ADCT-401/MEDI3726, a novel pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD)-based antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) targeting PSMA-expressing prostate cancers [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2017; 2017 Apr 1-5; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2017;77(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 3111A. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2017-3111A