The accumulated evidences have indicated the importance of lymph node dissection (LND) in improving survival for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). However, it is largely unclear in terms of standard lymph node dissection, e.g., how many is suitable and which node station is more important, etc. The present study was undertaken to summarize the trending of lymph node dissection for ESCC over 40 years at a single institute in northern China. A total of 27,260 ESCC patients were enrolled in this study from 1974 to 2016, including 16,565 males with a mean age of 59.72±7.82 and 10695 females with a mean age of 60.3±8.51. All the patients were from the ESCC database in Henan Key Laboratory for Esophageal Cancer Research of the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhengzhou University (1973-2016). All the patients had pathological LND records, including the number dissected. The patients were classified into four period groups based on the diagnosed time, group I (1974 to 1986, 367/1.3%), group II (1987 to 1996, 3182/11.7%), group III (1997 to 2006, 10, 494/38.5%) and group IV (2007 to 2016, 13,217/48.5%). The SPSS21.0 software was used to evaluate the trending changes of LND at different periods. The results showed that the total number of LND/the mean number by each patient from group I to group IV was 3,000/8.43, 22,001/7.07, 87,740/8.36, and 159,340/12.06, respectively (p<0.0001). Further analysis indicated that the total number of LND/the mean number by each patient from group I to group IV in males was 1,634/7.93, 13,428/6.99, 53,143/8.53 and 100,073/12.19, respectively and 1,366/8.48, 8,573/6.80, 34,597/8.11, 59,267/11.83, respectively in females. The present results indicate an apparent increasing in number of LND from 1987 to 2016 for esophageal cancer surgical treatment in China. Further analysis is needed to correlate the LND and metastasis and survival. [National High-Tech Research and Development Program of China (SQ2015AA0202183), Major Science and Technology Projects of Henan Province (161100311300).]

Note: This abstract was not presented at the meeting.

Citation Format: Pei Nan Chen, Fu You Zhou, Hong Mei Chen, Xiao Shan Feng, Lei Sun, Ling Yuan, Ping He, Ying Pan, Tao Jiang, Min Jie Wu, Wen Jun Gao, Jin Chang Wei, Li Dong Wang. The trending of lymph node dissection for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma over 40 years in China [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2017; 2017 Apr 1-5; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2017;77(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 284. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2017-284