Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is one of the most difficult human malignancies to treat. The 5-year survival rate of PDA patients is 7% and PDA is predicted to become the second leading cancer-related cause of death in the USA. A subset of potential tumor suppressor (Ts) genes was identified by genome-wide analysis of human PDA and insertional mutagenesis in genetically engineered mouse models (GEMMs). Since the functional validation of these genes in GEMMs is time-consuming and labor-intensive, we have developed a rapid and efficient “orthotopically grafted organoid’ (OGO) models in conjunction with RNAi and CRISPR/Cas9 technology to study PDA progression. Previously, we showed that OGO model represents the full spectrum of PDA progression in vivo upon orthotopic engraftment. Here, as a proof-of-concept experiment, we demonstrate that ablation of Trp53 by shRNA or gRNA in PanIN-derived organoids accelerates PDA progression upon transplantation. Therefore, OGO models should provide an excellent platform to study the functional role of genes in PDA progression in vivo.

Note: This abstract was not presented at the conference.

Citation Format: Chang-Il Hwang, EunJung Lee, Tobiloba Oni, Youngkyu Park, David A. Tuveson.{Authors}. Development of orthotopically grafted organoid models to study pancreatic cancer progression. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR Special Conference on Pancreatic Cancer: Advances in Science and Clinical Care; 2016 May 12-15; Orlando, FL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2016;76(24 Suppl):Abstract nr B11.