Small molecule inhibitors of the bromodomain and extraterminal domain (BET) proteins have emerged as a promising option for cancer therapy. ABBV-075 is a potent and selective BET family bromodomain inhibitor that recently entered Phase 1 clinical trials. It binds bromodomains of BRD2/4/T with similar affinities (Ki of 1-2.2 nM), but exhibits roughly 10-fold weaker potency towards BRD3 (Ki of 12.2 nM). ABBV-075 is highly selective for 18 bromodomain proteins tested (Kd > 1 μM; more than 600-fold selectivity vs. BRD4) and has moderate activity towards CREBBP (Kd = 87 μM; 54-fold selectivity vs. BRD4). ABBV-075 exhibited robust single agent activity in cell viability assays across cancer cell lines derived from solid tumors, leukemia and lymphomas. Further characterization of cancer cell responses to ABBV-075 indicated that ABBV-075 manifested diverse mechanisms of action in different cancer settings. These include 1): disruption of cell cycle control leading to G1 arrest followed by senescence, 2) inhibition of oncogenesis drivers leading to apoptosis and 3) potentially targeting tumor microenvironment to provide additional therapeutic benefit. Consistent with its broad spectrum of activities in vitro, ABBV-075 has comparable or superior efficacies to standard of care agents in flank xenograft mouse models of non-small-cell and small cell lung cancers, pancreatic, breast, prostate, head & neck cancers, multiple myeloma, diffuse large B cell lymphoma and leukemia. These results support the development of ABBV-075 in diverse hematological malignancies and solid tumor indications.
Citation Format: Aparna Sarthy, Leiming Li, Daniel H. Albert, Xiaoyu Lin, Warder Scott, Emily Faivre, Mai H. Bui, Xiaoli Huang, Denise M. Wilcox, Terry Magoc, Fritz G. Buchanan, Paul Tapang, George S. Sheppard, Le Wang, Steve D. Fidanze, John Pratt, Dachun Liu, Lisa Hasvold, Paul Hessler, Tamar Uziel, Lloyd Lam, Ganesh Rajaraman, Guowei Fang, Steven W. Elmore, Saul H. Rosenberg, Keith McDaniel, Warren Kati, Yu Shen. ABBV-075, a novel BET family bromodomain inhibitor, represents a promising therapeutic agent for a broad spectrum of cancer indications. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 107th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2016 Apr 16-20; New Orleans, LA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2016;76(14 Suppl):Abstract nr 4718.