Methylated histone marks on H3K4 and H3K9 are generally coupled with transcriptional activation and repression, respectively. Altered levels of these histone methylation marks lead to abnormal gene expression and are associated with oncogenesis. Lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) catalyzes demethylation of mono and di-methylated lysine 4 and 9 of histone H3 via an FAD-dependent redox-process. Deregulated LSD1 activity perturbs normal gene expression and can lead to cellular transformation. In particular, the function of LSD1 has been reported to maintain stem cell-like gene expression patterns in various cancers, most notably small cell lung cancer (SCLC), a cancer type that is characterized by a highly undifferentiated state and with high unmet medical need. INCB059872 is a potent, selective and orally bioavailable inhibitor of LSD1 that achieves inhibitory activity through the formation of covalent FAD-adducts. The effect of INCB059872 in SCLC cell lines was assessed in vitro and in vivo. In these studies, the proliferation of a panel of SCLC cell lines was inhibited by INCB059872, with EC50 values ranging from 47 to 377 nM. Non-tumorigenic cells, such as IL-2 stimulated T cells from normal donors, by contrast, were significantly less sensitive with IC50 values > 10 μM. Oral administration of INCB059872 on once daily (QD) and alternative day (QoD) dosing regimens inhibited tumor growth in the NCI-H526 and NCI-H1417 human SCLC xenograft models. Consistent with previous reports, INCB059872 treatment in these models led to the induction of the FEZ1 and UMODL1 genes relative to vehicle-treated animals, as part of a gene signature in SCLC cell lines that is predictive of LSD1 responsiveness. Moreover, serum levels of the neuroendocrine marker pro-GRP were markedly reduced at all efficacious dosing regimens in the NCI-H1417 human SCLC xenograft model, suggesting that serum pro-GRP levels could be used as a surrogate pharmacodynamic marker of LSD1 inhibition. Currently, the efficacy of INCB059872 in combination with standard of care therapies for SCLC is under evaluation in these preclinical models. These data support the clinical evaluation of INCB059872 in patients with SCLC.
Citation Format: Sang Hyun Lee, Xuesong Mike Liu, Melody Diamond, Valerie Dostalik, Margaret Favata, Chunhong He, Liangxing Wu, Richard Wynn, Wenqing Yao, Gregory Hollis, Reid Huber, Peggy Scherle, Bruce Ruggeri. The evaluation of INCB059872, an FAD-directed inhibitor of LSD1, in preclinical models of human small cell lung cancer. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 107th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2016 Apr 16-20; New Orleans, LA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2016;76(14 Suppl):Abstract nr 4704.