Currently, extracellular matrix hydrogels derived from the Engelbreth-Holmes-Swarm murine tumor (Cultrex BME, Matrigel) are used for stem cell maintenance and differentiation of both normal and tumor organoid culture models. While this matrix is suitable for many in vitro applications, there is increasing demand for a 3D organoid culture platform that is more suitable for clinical applications. Here, we have developed a soluble extracellular matrix derived from normal porcine ovaries that forms a hydrogel polymer at physiological temperature and that supports maintenance of human small intestine organoids in culture. This matrix supports expansion of LGR5+ human stem cell populations using Wnt, EGF, Noggin, and R-Spondin 1 cell culture medium. The matrix also supports differentiation of stem cells into mini organs by removing Wnt which is characterized by the formation of intestinal crypts which exhibit immunostaining for lineage specific markers. This new extracellular matrix hydrogel represents a non-tumor sourced, normal extracellular matrix for evaluating both development and cancer progression.
Citation Format: Jay George, Sol De Gese, Gabriel Benton. Porcine ovarian matrix supports maintenance of human intestinal organoid cultures. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 107th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2016 Apr 16-20; New Orleans, LA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2016;76(14 Suppl):Abstract nr 4274.