Abnormal chromosome segregation plays a key role in cancer development. MAD2 is a component of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC), a cell cycle control mechanism that ensures an accurate segregation of chromosomes during mitosis. Changes in MAD2 expression have been associated with chemo-resistance both to spindle inhibitors and to DNA damaging agents. Also, a previous study has shown that the exogenous expression of MAD2β, a splicing variant of MAD2, was associated with resistance to Adriamycin and Vincristine in gastric cell lines. Additionally, we have previously identified that exogenous overexpression of MAD2γ upon paclitaxel-induced SAC activation in the colorectal cancer cell HCT116, reduces drug-induced mitotic arrest. These findings suggested a possible structural interaction of MAD2 isoforms with SAC components. To determine possible structural interactions between MAD2 isoforms and key SAC components (i.e. MAD1 and CDC20), we performed an in silico analysis of MAD2 isoforms, Interestingly, we found that alternative splicing of MAD2 generates a premature stop codon and a frameshift in exon 4 in MAD2γ and MAD2β. This change generates a new C-terminal region in MAD2γ and MAD2β isoforms that comprise 16 amino acids, which are not present in the major isoform (MAD2α). We aligned this region with the amino acid sequence of CDC20 from various species and identified a MAD2-interacting motif (MIM). This finding suggests that MAD2 isoforms may interact with the active conformation of MAD2 (C-MAD2). Since MAD2 isoforms and CDC20 may compete for the same region in MAD2, we propose a new model whereby MAD2 isoforms inhibits SAC by interfering with C-MAD2/CDC20 formation. This model helps to explain previous results where MAD2 isoforms over expression seem to have an opposite role in SAC signaling.

Citation Format: Miguel Ramirez-Otero, Alejandro Lopez-Saavedra, Marco Andonegui, Jose Diaz-Chavez, Luis Alonso Herrera. In silico identification of a MAD2-interacting motif in MAD2 spliced isoforms suggest a functional interaction with the spindle assemble checkpoint in cancer. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 107th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2016 Apr 16-20; New Orleans, LA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2016;76(14 Suppl):Abstract nr 2728.