Aberrant signaling through Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptors (FGFR) has been reported in multiple types of human cancers. Genomic analyses of squamous cell lung, gastric and urothelial tumors have revealed recurrent genetic alterations in FGFR1, FGFR2 and FGFR3 genes, respectively. FGFR proteins contribute to the development of malignancies by promoting tumor cell proliferation, survival, and migration and supporting angiogenesis. Therefore targeting FGFR kinases may provide therapeutic benefit to patients with cancers that have genetic alterations in genes encoding components of the FGF-FGFR axis. INCB054828 is a potent inhibitor of FGFR1, FGFR2, and FGFR3 that has selective pharmacological activity against cancer cells with FGFR alterations.

In vitro, INCB054828 potently inhibited the kinase activity of recombinant FGFR1, FGFR2 and FGFR3 enzymes and was highly selective against a panel of kinases including VEGFR2. In cellular assays, INCB054828 inhibited the autophosphorylation of FGFR proteins with low nanomolar IC50 values and blocked signal transduction by FGFR to downstream markers of pathway activation. Cancer cell lines that have genetic alterations in FGFR1, FGFR2 and FGFR3 were uniquely sensitive to growth inhibition by INCB054828, with IC50 values generally in the range of 3-50 nM, compared with cancer cell lines or normal cells without FGFR dependence (IC50 > 1500 nM). In vivo, once-daily oral administration of INCB054828 inhibited the growth of tumors that are dependent upon FGFR1, FGFR2 and FGFR3 activity at tolerated doses. Suppression of tumor growth was dose-dependent and correlated with pharmacodynamic inhibition of FGFR. Collectively, these preclinical studies demonstrate that INCB054828 potently and selectively inhibits models of FGFR-dependent cancers in vitro and in vivo, supporting the compound's clinical evaluation in patients harboring oncogenic FGFR activation.

Citation Format: Phillip CC Liu, Liangxing Wu, Holly Koblish, Kevin Bowman, Yue Zhang, Ronald Klabe, Lynn Leffet, Darlise DiMatteo, Mark Rupar, Karen Gallagher, Michael Hansbury, Colin Zhang, Chunhong He, Paul Collier, Maryanne Covington, Richard Wynn, Swamy Yeleswaram, Kris Vaddi, Timothy Burn, Wenqing Yao, Reid Huber, Peggy Scherle, Gregory Hollis. Preclinical characterization of the selective FGFR inhibitor INCB054828. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 106th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2015 Apr 18-22; Philadelphia, PA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2015;75(15 Suppl):Abstract nr 771. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2015-771