The American Cancer Society has been reported that about 22,220 cases of stomach cancer will be diagnosed and about 10,990 patients will die from this type of cancer in 2014. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFA), including docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been suggested to have anti-cancer effects by epidemiological and clinical studies. However, their underlying anti-cancer mechanisms are still unclear in stomach cancer. This study was designed to examine the impact of ω3-PUFA on stomach cancer and the molecular mechanism of their action. DHA reduced cells viability in a dose- and time-dependent manner in human stomach cancer cells including AGS cells. The DHA-induced cells death was in part due to apoptosis, since the cells exhibited increases of apoptotic markers including cleaved PARP and TUNEL-positive cells. DHA also led to autophagic vesicle formation an increase levels of lipidated form LC3B and stimulated the autophagic flux, indicating the involvement of both apoptosis and autophagy in the cytotoxic effect of stomach cancer cells by ω3-PUFA. Moreover, AGS stable cell expressing the ω3-desaturase (fat-1) gene (AGS-fsc) or control vector stable cell (AGS-csc) were eatablished, and the effect of endogenous high level of ω3-PUFA was investigated in AGS cells. The cell proliferation, invasion and colony-formation were inhibited in AGS-fsc compared to AGS-csc. Taken together, these results indicate that ω3-PUFA induce anti-cancer action is related to anti-proliferation and anti-invasive action in stomach cancer cells. Thus, utilization of ω3-PUFA may represent a promising therapeutic approach for chemoprevention and treatment of human stomach cancer. [This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea(NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education(2014R1A1A2008915) and by the Korea government(MSIP) (No. 2007-0054932)]

Citation Format: Soyeon Shin, Soyeon Jeong, Soyeon Kim, Jun-Young Heo, Gi-Ryang Kweon, Seung-Kiel Park, Jong-Il Park, Kyu Lim. Anti-proliferative and anti-invasive action of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in stomach cancer cells. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 106th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2015 Apr 18-22; Philadelphia, PA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2015;75(15 Suppl):Abstract nr 1767. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2015-1767