The transcriptional regulator TRIM28 plays an important role in development, stem cells self-renewal, chromatin organization and DNA damage response. KAP1 is an essential co-repressor for KRAB zinc finger proteins (KRAB-ZNFs). Though KRAB-ZNFs represent the largest family of human transcription factors, their biological functions are largely unknown. We showed that KAP1 and certain KRAB-ZNFs were overexpressed in breast tumors and breast cancer cell lines at both mRNA and protein levels. More significantly, an active SUMOylated form of KAP1 was markedly increased in breast cancer cells. KAP1 depletion in several breast cancer cell lines slowed cell proliferation and inhibited primary tumor growth and metastasis of MDA-MB-231LN xenografts, while KAP1 overexpression conversely stimulated cell proliferation and tumor growth. KAP1 knockdown led to down-regulation of PTGS2/COX2, EREG, CD44, MMP1, MMP2 and ID transcription factors, previously implicated in cancer progression and metastasis. These results indicate that KAP1 and KRAB-ZNFs are up-regulated in breast cancer cells and contribute to increased cell proliferation, tumor growth and metastasis.

Citation Format: Joseph Addison, Colton Koontz, Sarah McLaughlin, Ryan Livengood, Elena Pugacheva, Dongquan Chen, Chad Creighton, Alexey V. Ivanov. TRIM28 is overexpressed in breast cancer and regulates the expression of multiple cancer-associated genes. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 105th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2014 Apr 5-9; San Diego, CA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2014;74(19 Suppl):Abstract nr LB-2. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2014-LB-2