Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks) belong to a family of lipid signaling kinases that phosphorylate phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate, giving rise to phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3). PIP3 functions as a second messenger that controls a number of cellular processes, including growth, survival, adhesion and migration. The delta isoform of PI3K (PI3Kδ) plays an essential role in B-cell development and functions by mediating the signaling of key receptors on B cells including BCR, BAFF-R, IL-4R, CD40 and TLRs. In addition, increased malignant B cell proliferation and survival has been associated with aberrant activation of PI3Kδ, and data from recent clinical studies using idelalisib, a PI3Kδ specific inhibitor, indicate that the enzyme is a therapeutic target for the treatment of B cell lymphomas.

INCB40093 is a novel, potent small molecule inhibitor of PI3Kδ with 74 to > 900-fold selectivity over the other PI3K family members. It also does not inhibit (< 30% inhibition) a broad panel of 196 other kinases when tested at a concentration of 1 μM. INCB40093 blocks the proliferation of primary B cells induced by the activation of PI3Kδ-mediated signaling through several key receptors (e.g. BCR, CD40). More importantly, INCB40093 is potent (IC50 values of ∼10-100 nM) in cell-based assays relevant to the pathogenesis of B cell malignancies, such as PI3Kδ-mediated signaling and growth of human B cell lines. This effect is not due to general cytotoxicity because 10 μM INCB40093 had no significant effect on the growth of non-lymphoid cell lines. Compared to the inhibition of primary B cell proliferation, INCB40093 is at least 50 times less potent in assays that measure human T cell or NK cell proliferation, and neutrophil and macrophage function, suggesting that the impact of INCB40093 on the human immune system will likely be restricted to B cells. In vivo, the effects of INCB40093 were evaluated in two human hematological cancer xenograft models. In the Pfeiffer model of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, oral administration of INCB40093 inhibited tumor growth as a single agent. INCB40093 also potentiated the anti-tumor effects of the clinically relevant chemotherapeutic agent, bendamustine. The tumor growth inhibitory effects of INCB40093 were also demonstrated in a myeloma tumor xenograft model, INA-6.Tu1. Taken together, pharmacological data obtained in both in vitro and in vivo model systems support the potential utility of orally administered INCB40093 in the treatment of B cell malignancies.

Citation Format: Niu Shin, Kathy Wang, Leslie Hall, Qian Wang, Gengjie Yang, Yanlong Li, Yun-Long Li, Maryanne Covington, Jordan Fridman, Robert Newton, Peggy Scherle. INCB40093 is a selective PI3Kδ inhibitor with potent antiproliferative activity against human B-cell tumors. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 105th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2014 Apr 5-9; San Diego, CA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2014;74(19 Suppl):Abstract nr 4531. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2014-4531