Purpose

To Study molecular changes specific to tumor-derived endothelial cells.

Materials and methods

Tumor tissue and adjacent nontumor tissue were obtained from 27 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. Primary cultured CD31+ and CD105+ tumor endothelial cells (TECs) and nontumor endothelial cells (NECs) were isolated by magnetic-activated cell sorting. Affymetrix GeneChip Human Gene ST Arrays were used to determine gene expression profiles of HCC cells and matched TECs and NECs. A capillary tube formation assay was used to evaluate tube formation by the endothelial cells. The tumorigenicity of isolated TECs was monitored in nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient mice.

Results

The isolated CD31+ and CD105+ TECs and NECs displayed features of endothelial cells. Both cultured HCC cells and TECs induced capillary tube formation in vitro and were incorporated into tumor vasculature in vivo. The TEC isolates had a gene signature resembling that of HCC cells, and TEC-specific genes were associated with poorer HCC survival.

Conclusions

A subset of TECs may originate from tumor cells, and they express a unique set of genes linked to HCC prognosis.

Note: This abstract was not presented at the meeting.

Citation Format: Zong-Tao Chai, Xiao-Dong Zhu, Jian-Yang Ao, Ling-Qun Kong, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Hui-Chuan Sun. microRNA-26a expression may suppress tumor growth by modulating macrophage infiltration in tumor through down-regulation of M-CSF in hepatocellular carcinoma. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 105th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2014 Apr 5-9; San Diego, CA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2014;74(19 Suppl):Abstract nr 1095. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2014-1095