BACKGROUND: We analyzed the efficacy and toxicity profile of sunitinib according to single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of VEGFA and KDR among the patients with gastric or biliary tract cancer.
METHODS: We examined 8 known SNPs of VEGFA and 5 SNPs of KDR among patients with gastric or biliary tract cancer who were treated with sunitinib in our two previous phase II studies. We assessed progression free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity and their relationships to these SNPs.
RESULTS: A total of 63 patients were evaluable. Among candidate SNPs, rs2010963, rs833068, and rs1870377 were associated with poor PFS (P = .009, .002, and .029, respectively), while rs1870377 and rs7692791 were associated with poor OS (P = .001 and 0.03, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that only rs1870377 had significant effects on both PFS and OS. Toxicity evaluation indicated that rs1531289 was associated with grade 3-4 anemia. (P = .03).
CONCLUSIONS: Certain SNPs of KDR may affect treatment outcome and toxicity of patients treated with sunitinib.
Citation Format: Chi Hoon MAENG, Jun Ho Lee, Jeeyun Lee, Jung Yong Hong, Moon Ki Choi, Young Saing Kim, Hyun Ae Jung, Joon Oh Park, Se Hoon Park, Young Suk Park, Won Ki Kang, Ho Yeong Lim. Effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms on treatment outcomes and toxicity in patients treated with sunitinib for biliary tract and gastric cancers. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 104th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2013 Apr 6-10; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2013;73(8 Suppl):Abstract nr 3542. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2013-3542