Our previous research reveals a link between the enzyme autotaxin (ATX) and its product lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We have shown a shift in ATX levels and LPA variant biosynthesis associated with HCC in patients that was corrected by liver transplantation. Moreover we have demonstrated a reduction in hepatic tumor burden in the MDR2-/- mouse model of HCC by treatment with commercial ATX inhibitors. The purpose of this study was to establish the relevance of FDG PET versus 11C acetate imaging to monitor response to ATX inhibition in the in-vivo MDR2 /- mouse model of HCC whereby we would be able to test the impact of novel inhibitors on both the initiation and progression of HCC. Methods: Dynamic high-resolution Positron Emission Tomography (PET) images of 12 month MDR-/- mice and FVB controls were acquired using 18F-FDG or 11C-Acetate (N=3 per group). At the end of the PET imaging session whole body CT images were acquired. Image segmentation for discrete volumes of interests (VOI) was manually constructed from parametric images for the liver for 18F-FDG images while for 11C-Acetate VOIs were submitted to kinetic modeling, using a 3-compartment, 4-parameter model. Results. MDR2-/- mice had significant hepatic tumors at 12 month (7.9±1.8mm) whereas no tumors were observed in FVB controls. MDR2-/- mice had significantly higher hepatic 11C-Acetate uptake and metabolic rates when compared to FVB controls (0.6±0.04 vs 0.49±0.02ml/g/min P=0.038). In contrast there was no significant difference in 18F-FDG metabolism or uptake in the livers of MDR2-/- mice when compared to wild type FVB controls (1.1±0.23 v 1.32±0.2 and 3.61±0.97 vs. 4.3±0.6SUV respectively p=ns). Conclusion: The biology of HCC formation in MDR2-/- is better suited to 11C acetate PET/CT imaging than 18F FDG. 11C acetate is the most effective imaging method available to test response to treatment in an in-vivo model of HCC.

Citation Format: Nicholas J. Skill, Paul R. Territo, Amanda A. Riley, Brian P. McCarthy, Mary A. Maluccio. C11 Acetate and 18F FDG PET/CT imaging of MDR2-/- mouse model of hepatocellular carcinoma. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 104th Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2013 Apr 6-10; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2013;73(8 Suppl):Abstract nr 2661. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2013-2661

Note: This abstract was not presented at the AACR Annual Meeting 2013 because the presenter was unable to attend.