The chromatin remodeler CHD5 is expressed in neural tissues and is frequently deleted in aggressive neuroblastoma. Very little is known about the normal function of CHD5, its mechanism of action or how its deletion may contribute to neuroblastoma. Here we report that depletion of CHD5 in the developing murine neocortex blocks neuronal differentiation leading to an accumulation of undifferentiated progenitors. Consistent with this, ChIP-SEQ analysis of CHD5 shows it binds a large cohort of neuronal genes and is required for facilitating their activation during differentiation. However, CHD5 also binds a cohort of Polycomb target genes and is required for the maintenance of H3K27me3 on their promoters and their sustained repression during differentiation. Finally, we show that the chromodomains of CHD5 directly bind H3K27me3 and are essential for the function of CHD5 during neuronal differentiation. These findings provide new insights into the essential role of CHD5 during neurogenesis and show how the inactivation of this candidate tumor suppressor might contribute to the progression of neuroblastoma via a defect in differentiation.

This abstract is also presented as Poster A05.

Citation Format: Christopher M. Egan, Ulrika Nyman, Julie Skotte, Gundula Streubel, Siobhán Turner, David J. O'Connell, Vilma Rraklli, Michael J. Dolan, Naomi Chadderton, Hansen Klaus, Farrar Gwyneth Jane, Kristian Helin, Johan Holmberg, Adrian P. Bracken. CHD5 is required for neurogenesis and has a dual role in facilitating gene expression and Polycomb gene repression. [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the AACR Special Conference on Chromatin and Epigenetics in Cancer; Jun 19-22, 2013; Atlanta, GA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2013;73(13 Suppl):Abstract nr PR12.