Abstract: Lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase-beta (LPAAT-α) catalyzes the production of phosphatidic acid (PA) from lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). PA is a lipid cofactor that contributes to the activation of c-Raf, BRAF, mTOR and PKC-α. LPAAT-α expression is a prognostic factor in gynecologic malignancies and is being investigated as a therapeutic target in a variety of tumor types. We previously reported that LPAAT-α is expressed in pancreatic cancer cell lines and in human pancreatic adenocarcinoma tissues. We employed siRNA knockdown of LPAAT-α expression in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro. We find that reduction in the expression of LPAAT-α protein is associated with decreased proliferation and impairment in anchorage dependent growth of pancreatic cancer cells. Methods: MiaPaCa and Panc-1 cells were transfected with two different siRNAs targeted to LPAAT-α at 10 nM and 25 nM for 48 hrs and 72 hrs. A non-targeting siRNA was used as a control. The cells were then plated on tissue culture dishes or in soft agar and allowed to proliferate. Proliferation on plastic dishes was measured using Alamar Blue. Colony formation in soft agar was determined by directly counting macroscopic colonies. Results: Transfection of MiaPaCa and Panc-1 cells with siRNA at 25 nM for 72 hours achieved almost 100% inhibition of LPAAT-α protein expression by Western blotting. Under these conditions there was a 50% reduction in proliferation and colony formation. Studies to determine the effects of depleting LPAAT-α on the levels of p-PKC-α, p-MEK, p-4E-BP1 and p-S6Kinase are ongoing and will be presented. Conclusions: Suppression of expression of LPAAT-α protein in pancreatic cancer cell lines reduces proliferation and anchorage independent growth. This contributes to the validation of LPAAT-α as a therapeutic target in pancreatic cancer.

Citation Format: {Authors}. {Abstract title} [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 103rd Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2012 Mar 31-Apr 4; Chicago, IL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2012;72(8 Suppl):Abstract nr 1854. doi:1538-7445.AM2012-1854