The cytotoxic and anti-inflammatory properties of polyphenolics have been demonstrated in numerous types of cancer and the objective of this research was to understand the post-transcriptional targets involved in anti-inflammatory and pro-apoptotic pathways in the breast cancer cell line BT474, treated with a polyphenolic extract (2.5–40µg/ml) rich in gallotannins and gallic acid from mango fruit in vitro and in athymic nude mice bearing BT474 cells as xenografts.

Results show that cell proliferation as well as tumor size and weight in vivo was decreased by polyphenolics 60% and 70% in vitro and vivo, respectively. NF-kB protein and mRNA expression as well as activation were decreased in a dose-dependent manner (0.6 fold).

The extract also inhibited PI3K-dependent phosphorylation of AKT and expression and this was accompanied by down-regulation of miRNA 126 of BT474 (2.25 fold) and in vivo. NFκB-dependent genes involved in apoptosis-inhibition, metastasis and angiogenesis, such as survivin, VCAM-1, and VEGF were also decreased, in vitro and in vivo.

A microRNA-array was also used to investigate whether microRNAs with target regions within affected genes were affected by the polyphenolic extract and results show that in addition to miR-126, miR-let-7a and miR-let-7b among others were significantly increased by the extract.

In summary the anti-carcinogenic and anti-inflammatory activity of mango polyphenolics in breast cancer cells were at least in part due to targeting miR-126 -Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt-NF-kB which plays an important role in the proliferative/ inflammatory phenotype exhibited in this breast cancer cell line.

Citation Information: Cancer Res 2012;72(24 Suppl):Abstract nr P5-07-03.