The loss or mutation of tumor suppressor genes is a predominant event in the initiation, progression and metastatic development of cancer. PTEN and p53 are frequently inactivated in lethal metastatic prostate cancer, as they provide a critical growth, proliferation and anti-apoptotic advantage to cells in which their activity is diminished. In mouse prostate cancer models, loss of p53 alone in the prostate does not result in noticeable neoplasia. However, subsequent additional deletion of Pten causes lethal prostatic adenocarcinoma within 6 months, illustrating the need to combat the cooperative power of these two genetic lesions. Although inactivation of these tumor suppressor genes has been widely described at the level of their cancer phenotype, it has recently emerged that one understudied route to combat lesions harboring these alterations is to understand and exploit critical underlying changes in their metabolic makeup.

In the present study, we used an array platform to determine the growth phenotype of p53 null Mouse Embryonic Fibroblast (MEFs) under close to 1200 conditions involving different sources of energy, amino acids, hormones, growth factors, chemical ions and responses to chemotherapy agents. with subsequent comparison to the response in p53/Pten double-null MEFs. Our analysis showed that loss of Pten critically altered response, utilization and sensitivity especially to specific hormones, ions and chemotherapy agents. Since this approach revealed Pten-status specific cell sensitivities, we are utilizing this information to establish selective targeting of cells as a precursor to therapeutic intervention in our genetically engineered mouse models of prostate cancer, which harbor the identical tumor suppressor lesions. Collectively, our results establish a rapid screening platform for identification of genotype-specific anti-cancer agents.

Citation Format: {Authors}. {Abstract title} [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 102nd Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2011 Apr 2-6; Orlando, FL. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2011;71(8 Suppl):Abstract nr 1269. doi:10.1158/1538-7445.AM2011-1269