The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling pathway plays crucial roles in cell growth, proliferation and survival. Genomic aberrations in the PI3K pathway, such as mutational activation of PI3Kα or loss of function of tumor suppressor PTEN, have been closely linked to the development and progression of a wide range of cancers. Hence, inhibition of the key targets in the pathway, e.g. PI3K, AKT, mTOR, offers great potential for the treatment of cancer. In an effort to discover compounds that inhibit PI3Kα, a high throughput screen was carried out, and 4-methyl-pyrido-pyrimidine (MPP) derivatives were identified as potent and selective inhibitors of PI3Kα. For example, PF-00271897, 8-cyclopentyl-6-[3-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]-4-methyl-2-(methylamino)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one demonstrated PI3Kα Ki of 2.2 nM. Multiple crystal structures of inhibitors bound to PI3K gamma were determined to inform design and optimization of the ADMET properties of this lead series. Crystallographic studies with PI3K gamma protein indicated that the aminopyrimidine moiety forms two hydrogen bonds to the kinase backbone, and the aromatic moiety at the 6 position binds in a hydrophobic pocket. The X-ray structure suggested that the 4-methyl group on the MPP core structure conferred the excellent overall kinase selectivity to the series. The structure and SAR suggested optimization could come from keeping N-R group at 2 position very small and maintaining aromatic moiety at 6 position for hydrophobic interaction. Introduction of polar groups to the 8N side chains that are located in the ribose binding pocket increased both metabolic stability and solubility. Based on the overall properties, PF-04691502, 2-amino-8-[trans-4-(2-hydroxyethoxy)cyclohexyl]-6-(6-methoxypyridin-3-yl)-4-methylpyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one, was selected as a clinical candidate. PF-04691502 demonstrated Ki's of 1.2-2.2 nM against PI3K α, β, γ and δ isoforms, and Ki of 9.1 nM against recombinant mTOR. PF-04691502 inhibited AKT phosphorylation at S473 in BT20 breast cancer line with IC50 of 12 nM. PF-04691502 is highly selective for inhibition of PI3K family kinases as shown by lack of activity against a panel of >75 protein kinases, including the class III PI3K hVps34. In the in vivo rat PK studies, PF-04691502 demonstrated the following properties: Clearance = 5.2 ml/min/kg, Vdss = 1.4 L/kg, T1/2 = 3.1 h, F% = 63%. The design, synthesis, in vitro potency SAR, selectivity, ADMET of the MPP derivatives will be discussed. The crystal structure of PF-04691502 in PI3K gamma will also be presented.

Citation Format: {Authors}. {Abstract title} [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 101st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2010 Apr 17-21; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2010;70(8 Suppl):Abstract nr 5779.