MEDI-565 (MT111) is a novel bispecific single-chain antibody of the BiTE (Bispecific T cell engager) class that transiently links carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) on cancer cells with human CD3 on T cells. MEDI-565 specifically binds to human CEA with an affinity of 8.5 nM but not to any other member of the CEACAM family. In targeted expression studies on cryopreserved and formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections, MEDI-565 demonstrated membrane-localized binding specifically to epithelial cells in human cancerous tissues. The highest prevalence of MEDI-565 binding (∼90%) was in adenocarcinomas of gastrointestinal origin.

In in vitro killing assays, MEDI-565 recruited T cells via the CD3 antigen (affinity of 310 nM) in a process that required concomitant binding to CEA positive tumor cells for T cell activation. As a consequence, T cells expanded, increased cell surface expression of the activation markers CD69 and CD25, and released perforin and granzymes. The release of cytotoxic granule content led to a Ca2+-dependent activation of pro-caspases and subsequent apoptosis of CEA-expressing tumor cells. Efficient target cell lysis by MEDI-565 was predominantly mediated by CD8+ T cells and occurred within a wide range of effector-to-target ratios (80:1 to 5:1) for T cells derived from various human donors. BiTE mediated killing was not affected by the presence of soluble CEA (≤5 µg/mL).

The in vivo activity of MEDI-565 was investigated in subcutaneous xenograft models using immunocompromised SCID mice inoculated with mixtures of human T cells and human cancer cell lines. The antibody was eliminated from the serum with a half-life of a few hours following a single intravenous (IV) or subcutaneous (SC) injection. Despite a relatively short serum half-life, daily IV or SC bolus treatments over 5 days provided sufficient levels of exposure to inhibit the growth of CEA-positive tumors in a dose-dependent manner. Inhibition of growth was observed for tumors of different tissue origins and was dependent on the presence of human T cells and CEA expression by tumor cells. There were no MEDI-565-related in-life observations following treatment. These studies demonstrated that MEDI-565 has potent and selective anti-cancer activity in vitro and in vivo and provides evidence that MEDI-565 may be an effective monotherapy to treat CEA-expressing malignancies.

Citation Format: {Authors}. {Abstract title} [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 101st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2010 Apr 17-21; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2010;70(8 Suppl):Abstract nr 5625.