Aging is an important risk factor for many diseases including prostate cancer (PC). Enhanced risk for disease may, in part, be due to aging-related changes in the proteome. Thus, a better knowledge of the changes in protein levels occurring with age would help in the early detection of the disease, as well as in monitoring chemopreventive intervention. In the present study we used male F344 rats, a commonly used aging and PC model, and compared protein levels in the blood plasma of young (4 months), mature (12 months), old (18 months) and very old (24 months) rats by a proteomic approach known as isobaric Tag for Relative and Absolute Quantitation (iTRAQ). In this multi-plex non-gel based technique samples can be simultaneously labeled with isobaric tagging reagents for quantitation and identification by mass spectrometry. Plasma samples were pooled from three animals and 50 μg of protein from each group was labeled for a 4-plex iTRAQ analysis. A total of seventy nine proteins were identified, thirty one with >99% confidence. Among those, the levels of thirteen proteins were changed significantly (p<0.05) with age and five of which with >99% confidence including serotransferrin, hemopexin, fetuin-A, fetuin-B and α-1-acid glycoprotein. Both age-specific and growth-development related changes were observed throughout the life span with maximum changes (either increases or decreases) being observed at 18 months. The results of this study show that age indeed can influence the expression profile of plasma proteins. The relationship of these proteins to PC is currently being investigated by analyzing their levels in different lobes of the prostate gland. Supported in part by R01 CA 127729-01

Citation Format: {Authors}. {Abstract title} [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 101st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2010 Apr 17-21; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2010;70(8 Suppl):Abstract nr 4589.