MUC1, an O-glycoprotein membrane-bound mucin, is overexpressed in renal clear-cell carcinomas (CRCC) with correlation to two major prognostic factors, Tumor-Node-Metastasis stage and nuclear Fürhman grade. Previously (Aubert et al., Cancer Res 2009), we have shown that (i) MUC1 was significantly overexpressed in metastatic CRCC vs non-metastatic CRCC and (ii) MUC1 is a target gene of HIF-1 transcription factor which is a part of the hypoxia pathway, the main renal carcinogenetic pathway. To better understand the roles of MUC1 in CRCC, we used two renal cell lines expressing MUC1 (Caki-2 cells) or not (ACHN cells). Caki-2 cells were stably transfected with shRNA targeting MUC1 and ACHN cells with an expressing vector containing MUC1 cDNA. Proliferation, migration and invasion properties were studied in vitro in the different cellular clones using Boyden chambers coated with Matrigel, wound healing assay and MTS cell proliferation assay, respectively. Our results showed that (i) MUC1 expression was associated with an increase of invasion and migration properties of renal carcinoma cells whereas no effect on proliferation and apoptotic rate was observed and (ii) levels of phospho-JNK were higher in MUC1 expressing cells. Results of (i) transcriptomic analysis on 44K Agilent microarrays, (ii) signaling pathway screening and (iii) subcutaneous xenografts will be presented. Our results show that MUC1 plays a role in biological properties of renal cancer cells suggesting important function for this mucin in tumour progression and confirms its potential as a therapeutic target in this type of cancer.

Note: This abstract was not presented at the AACR 101st Annual Meeting 2010 because the presenter was unable to attend.

Citation Format: {Authors}. {Abstract title} [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 101st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2010 Apr 17-21; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2010;70(8 Suppl):Abstract nr 2457.