In women, breast cancer is among the most common cancers and the fifth most common cause of cancer deaths. Due to the heterogeneity of the disease, 10-year progression free survival can vary widely with stage and type from 98% to 10%. We present data showing that MM-121, a fully human monoclonal anti-ErbB3 antibody, is efficacious in studies of both hormone dependent (ER+) and triple negative (ER-,PR-, Low Erb2) breast cancer lines that express the molecular profile consistent with MM-121 response (co-expression of ErbB3 and HRG).

Using a combination of computational and experimental approaches, ErbB3 was identified as a critical transducer of oncogenic signaling leading to the development of MM-121, a first in class anti-ErbB3 antibody. We have previously demonstrated that MM-121, when used as a single agent, inhibits heregulin-induced signaling events in human cancer cell lines. Moreover, MM-121 caused dose-dependent inhibition of tumor growth in multiple xenograft models of human cancer, including ovarian, renal cell, pancreatic, lung, and prostate cancer.

Estrogen dependent, or ER+ breast cancers, make up about 80% of breast cancers. A standard treatment for ER+ breast cancer includes hormone therapy; however a substantial number of ER+ breast cancers eventually develop resistance requiring additional treatments. Here we show that in ER+ breast cancer cells, MM-121 can block HRG induced ErbB3 activation and VEGF secretion as well as HGF induced pErbB3 in vitro. Additionally, in ER+ breast cancer xenograft models, MM121 is effective in combination with both chemotherapy agents and targeted therapies and may be effective in ER+ breast cancers that are refractory to hormone treatment.

The triple negative breast cancers are characterized by poor prognosis, aggressiveness, and reduced responsiveness to standard treatments. MM-121 used as a single agent therapy was able to suppress tumor growth in triple negative primary human tumors, when grown as xenografts suggesting that MM-121 monotherapy may be clinically efficacious in triple negative breast cancers.

Together, these data suggest that MM-121, when used as a single agent or in combination with other therapies, could offer significant clinical benefit to both ER+ and triple negative breast cancer patients.

Citation Format: {Authors}. {Abstract title} [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the 101st Annual Meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research; 2010 Apr 17-21; Washington, DC. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2010;70(8 Suppl):Abstract nr 1806.