Background: Inhibitors of the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R) are currently undergoing clinical testing. Preclinical investigations have identified IGF-1 signaling as a key mechanism for breast cancer growth and resistance to clinically useful therapies, including tamoxifen and trastuzumab. Thus, agents targeting IGF-1R have promise in the treatment of breast cancer. Determining mechanisms that can confer resistance to these agents may aid their clinical development. Methods: To understand factors may be important in predicting sensitivity to targeting the IGF-1 signaling pathway, we developed a cell line (MCF-7R4) that is resistant to BMS-554417, a small molecule, dual-kinase inhibitor of IGF-1R and insulin receptor (InsR). Compared with the parental MCF-7 cells, MCF-7R4 cells are 40- to 50-fold resistant to BMS-554417 and cross-resistant to the similar compound BMS-536924. The expression profiles of MCF-7R4 and that of MCF-7 were compared using Affymetrix GeneChip Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Arrays. Intracellular concentrations of BMS-536924 were examined by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography. BMS-536924 cellular accumulation in vitro was visualized by fluorescence microscopy using a DAPI filter set. MCF-7 cells stably transfected with either the empty mammalian expression vector pcDNA (MCF-EV) or full length BCRP (MCF-BCRP) were examined for sensitivity to BMS 536924 by MTS assays. Results: Compared to MCF-7 cells, BCRP expression was increased 9-fold in MCF-7R4, which was highly statistically significant by t-test (p= 7.13E-09). Little change was observed in other ABC transporter proteins, including ABCB1. No change was observed in IGF-1R or InsR expression. BCRP overexpression in MCF-7R4 cells was confirmed by western blotting. MCF-7R4 cells had significantly lower intracellular accumulation of BMS-536924 compared to MCF-7 cells. Confirming these results, MCF-BCRP cells were significantly less sensitive to the cytoxic effects of BMS-536924 cells than MCF-EV cells. Conclusions: BCRP expression was stimulated by prolonged exposure of MCF-7 cells to BMS-554417. Upregulation of BCRP is one of the most significant changes observed in MCF-7R4 cells in comparison to parental cells. BCRP expression decreased cellular exposure to BMS-536924 and was sufficient to confer resistance. These data suggest that BSM-536924 is a substrate for BCRP-mediated efflux. Expression of BCRP may be important in de novo and acquired resistance to benzimidazole –based inhibitors of IGF-1R/InsR. Supported in part by the Mayo Clinic Breast SPORE (CA116201-03), NIH K12 (CA090628-05) and the Mayo Clinic Cancer Center (CA15083).
Citation Information: Cancer Res 2009;69(2 Suppl):Abstract nr 2149.
Thirty-first San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium Dec 10-14, 2008; San Antonio, TX