Spontaneous juvenile ovarian granulosa cell (GC) tumors that occur in young girls are similar to GC carcinomas that develop in SWR-derived inbred mice. We analyzed female offspring from a series of matings among SWR and SJL inbred mice for chromosomal loci underlying tumor susceptibility. Intercross F2 female mice were produced by reciprocal matings of (SWR × SJL)F1 and (SJL × SWR)F1 parents. Tumorigenesis in these F2 mice as well as in SWXJ recombinant inbred and congenic strains of mice derived from SWR and SJL showed significant (P < 0.001) association with Gct1, a dominant susceptibility locus on chromosome (CHR) 4 and with Gct2 on CHR 12. Suggestive (P < 0.01) association was found with Gct3 on CHR 15. A fourth susceptibility locus, Gct4 on CHR X, was demonstrated with a strong parent-of-origin effect associated with the paternal genotype. Imprinting and complex interactions among these four loci combine to establish the probability for GC tumorigenesis in this mouse model.
Supported by American Cancer Society Grants BE-170 and CA-62434 (to W. G. B.), GM-20919 (to E. M. E.), and CA-34196 (Cancer support to The Jackson Laboratory). The Jackson Laboratory is fully accredited by the American Association for Laboratory Animal Care.